Exam III Book Notes - Exam III Book Notes Chapter 12:...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–4. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Exam III Book Notes 30/10/2007 19:52:00 Chapter 12::  Personality 1 What is Personality? Personality —an individual’s characteristic pattern of thinking, feeling, and acting Sigmund Freud’s  psychoanalytic  theory o Proposes that childhood sexuality and unconscious motivations  influence personality The  humanistic  approach o Focuses on our inner capacities for growth and self-fulfillment THE PSYCHOANALYTIC PERSPECTIVE Exploring the Unconscious Observing patients led Freud to his “discovery” of the unconscious He turned to  free association o In psychoanalysis, a method of exploring the unconscious in which the  person relaxes and says whatever comes to mind Freud called his theory of personality and the associated treatment  techniques  psychoanalysis o Attributes thoughts and actions to unconscious motives and conflicts;  the techniques used in treating psychological disorder by seeking to  expose and interpret unconscious tensions Freud believed the mind is mostly hidden, like an iceberg o Conscious awareness is the tip of the iceberg above the water
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
o Unconscious  is below Region containing thoughts, wishes, feelings, and memories, of  which we are unaware Some of these we store temporarily in  preconscious  area o Believed although we aren’t consciously aware of  repressed  memories, they powerfully influence us Ex. With beliefs we hold, jobs we choose, etc. Viewed jokes as expressions of repressed sexual and aggressive tendencies,  and dreams as the “royal road to the unconscious.” o Remembered content of our dreams (manifest) are a censored  expression of our unconscious wishes (latent). Personality Structure Freud believed personality is the result of our efforts to resolve this basic  conflict. Proposed three interacting systems: the  id, ego,  and  superego o Id  – operates on the pleasure principle Seeks immediate gratification Ex. Baby crying for satisfaction the moment they feel a  need Ex. Drug users who prefer to party now than sacrifice  today’s pleasure for future success and happiness o Ego  – operates on the reality principle Young child learns to cope with the real world Seeks to gratify the id’s impulses in realistic ways that will bring  long-term pleasure rather than pain or destruction Contains our partly conscious perceptions, thoughts, judgments,  and memories o Superego  – our moral compass (conscience) Begins around age 4 or 5
Background image of page 2
Forces the ego to consider not only the real but the ideal Focuses on how one ought to behave Strives for perfection Ex. Someone with a strong superego may be virtuous but 
Background image of page 3

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Image of page 4
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 15

Exam III Book Notes - Exam III Book Notes Chapter 12:...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 4. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online