Exam 1 Review .docx - Exam 1 Review PSB2000 Chapter 1 Biopsychology as a Neuroscience Know your celebrities Who was Donald O Hebb Who was Rene Descartes

Exam 1 Review .docx - Exam 1 Review PSB2000 Chapter 1...

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Exam 1 Review PSB2000 Chapter 1: Biopsychology as a Neuroscience Know your celebrities. Who was Donald O. Hebb? Who was Rene Descartes? Why are they so super famous? o Donald O. Hebb: wrote Organization of Behavior (1949) Proposed that psychological phenomena (perceptions, emotions, thoughts, memories) might be produced by brain activity Publication credited as Birth of Biopsychology His work helped discredit the notion that psychological functions were too complex to be derived from physiological activities o Rene Descartes: Be able to describe different disciplines within neuroscience. o Neuroanatomy: structure of the nervous system o Neurophysiology: functions and activities of the nervous system o Neurochemistry: chemical bases of neural activity o Neuropsychology: effects of brain abnormalities on behavior o Neuropharmacology: effects of drugs on neural activity o Neuroendocrinology: interactions between the nervous system and the endocrine system Compare and contrast using human or non-human subjects in research. o Why use humans? Can follow instructions Make subjective reports Cheaper o Why use nonhumans? Species differences are often more quantitative than qualitative Comparative approach Studying species with frontal lobe and comparing to species without frontal lobe What are the key components that differentiate an experiment from a non-experiment? Under what conditions can you draw “causal” conclusions versus “associations”?
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How do the concepts of “Converging Operations” and “Preponderance of evidence” contribute to scientific discovery?
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