Essence - Essence Aristotles Categories Substance Quantity...

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Essence
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Aristotle’s Categories Substance man, the horse, Socrates Quantity 6 ft tall, 235 square miles Quality white, tall, angry, wise Relation double, greater than Place at the mall, west of Austin Time today, at noon, for a week Position lying, sitting, standing State armed, puzzled, impressed Action hit, smile, do, walk, thank Affection to be hit, to be thanked
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What are they categories of? Kinds of thing Kinds of basic thing Kinds of being Correspond to grammatical functions
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Substance All the other categories depend on substance Qualities, quantities, relations, etc., are always of substances There are many senses in which a thing may be said to be But all depend on a focal meaning of ‘being’, substance
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What is substance? A substance is a ‘this’ It answers a question, ‘What is it?’ A substance is always of a kind, having a species (specific kind) and a genus (a more general kind) Substance: a ‘this’ and a ‘such’ Substance exists in a primary sense ‘What is there?’ ‘Substance.’
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course PHL 301 taught by Professor Bonevac during the Fall '08 term at University of Texas.

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Essence - Essence Aristotles Categories Substance Quantity...

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