KKDvorakandSmetanaMusicHW.pdf - KatherineKrosley Mrs.Hobbs...

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Unformatted text preview: Katherine Krosley Mrs. Hobbs Music History 12 April 2017 The Czech Nationalists 1. a. Bedrich Smetana is called THE REALITY CZECH, because he was a REAL Czech who wrote the first real Czech Nationalistic music. THat means that for the music he wrote, the most important determining factor was its Czech-ness. He gave Bohemians a National Musical identity for the first time by drawing on Bohemian ideas and legends. He drew on folk music ideas and still wrote fresh compositions. Not only was this celebrated by the Czech people, but it encouraged other musicians to embrace Nationalism in their own compositions. b. Antonin Dvorak is called “Czech Nationalist or Mr. America.” Born in small town Bohemia to typical Bohemians, his roots were very Chech. He popularized Czech national music, even getting a job at Smetana’s theater. However, eventually, he was bribed to work for a music conservatory in the states and practically begged to give the US its own Nationalist sound. He said that our “sound” would be found in the black gospel music. This scandalized Americans, and he left anger in his wake when he went back to Europe. His later pieces sound extremely American because of his exposure to (but not copying of) American folk tunes and his vision for what American Nationalist music would inevitably be. 4. The Bartered Bride was the single most honored piece of music in Czechoslovakia. It made people finally understand the appeal of Nationalist music because the characters were like them. It captured real life in Czechoslovakia lived by realistic Czech people. 6. Ma Vlast was Series of six Symphonic poems by Smetana. Symphonic poems are an orchestral one movement piece connected to a reference of something that is not musical. The theme of each poem in Ma Vlast was Bohemia. Ma Vlast means “My Homeland. ” One of the most famous pieces is Vltava and it is named after a river in Prague (The Moldau). 8. Johannes Brahms took Dvorak under his wings to help him get published. Brahms was always impressed by Dvorak so he put in a good word with his publisher to get Dvorak’s works published. 9. Dvorak was celebrated in England for his religious cantata, ​Stabat Mate​r which was his first religious piece written in response to his daughter’s death. The words are taken from a Catholic hymn to Mary. 10. Dvorak was asked by Jeanette Thurber (wife of a wealthy new york grocer) to make an American Nationalist sound, and he said no. So Jeanette offered him a lot of money to sign a contract to work at her Music Conservatory in New York, so he agreed. While in the States, he wrote New World Symphony. He said that it was based on the American music he was hearing… then he retracted that when Czech people got angry. ...
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