Final Vocabulary Questions.docx - -ase Suffix designating...

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-aseSuffix designating an enzymeAbrasionOccurs where the epidermis is scraped offAbscessA localized collection of pus within a tissueAcidophileOrganism that grows optimally at a pH below 5.5AcneA common skin condition in which pores on the face, neck, chest, or back become plugged and the surrounding skin becomes inflamedAcquired immune deficiency syndrome, ARSA disease of the human immune system caused by infection with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV); the most advanced stage of infection with HIVAcquired resistanceThe development of antimicrobial resistances through spontaneous mutationor acquision of new genetic informationActivation energyInitial energy required to break a chemical bondAcute infectionIllness characterized by signs and symptoms that develop quickly but last a relatively short timeAcute retroviral syndrome, ARSA stage of HIV disease following the incubation stage; often includes flulike symptomsAdenosine diphosphate (ADP)The acceptor of free energy in cells; that energy is used to add an inorganic phosphate (Pi) to ADP, generating ATPAflatoxinA poisonous substance made by Aspergillus FlavusAgar PlateA petri dish containing a solidified culture mediumAllergenAn antigen causing an allergyAllograftAn organ or tissue transplanted between genetically nonidentical members of the same speciesAllostericRefers to an enzyme or other protein containing a site to which a small molecule can bind and change that protein’s activityAnabolismCellular processes that synthesize and assemble the subunits of macromolecules, using the energy of ATP; biosynthesisAnaerobic digestion
A process that uses anaerobic microbes to degrade the sludge obtained during wastewater treatmentAnnealTo form a double-stranded duplex from two complementary strands of nucleic acidAnoxicLacing O2AntibioticA chemical produced by certain molds and bacteria that kills or inhibits the growth of other organismsAnticodonSequence of three nucleotides in a tRNA molecule that is complementary to a codon in mRNAAntigenThe molecule that reacts specifically with an antibody or lymphocyteAntigenic driftSlight changes in a viral surface antigen render antibodies made against the previous version only partially protectiveAntigenic shiftMajor change in a viral surface antigen that render antibodies made against the previous version ineffectiveAntimicrobial drugA chemical used to treat microbial infections; also called antimicrobialAntisepticDisinfectant that is non-toxic enough to be used on skinAntiserumA preparation of serum containing protective antibodiesAntitoxinAn antibody preparation protective against a given toxinArbovirusArthropod-borne virus; one of a large group of RNA viruses carried by insectsand mite that act as biological vectorsArthus reaction

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