dqb_-_causes_of_the_civil_war.doc

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Name ________________________ Document Based Question – What caused the American Civil War? Background Essay 1. What issue divided the North and the South since the nation’s beginnings? 2. Why did the North and South want to maintain a balance of free and slave states? 3. How did the Missouri Compromise of 1820 maintain balance in Congress? 4. How did the issue of protective tariffs further divide the North and South? 5. How did the Mexican War affect the balance of power between North and South? 6. What made the Compromise of 1850 necessary? 7. List the details of the Compromise of 1850: Document A – Railroads in 1860 / Slave Density and Cotton Production, 1860 (Maps) 1. What do you notice about railroad development in the North and South? 2. What are some of the major economic differences between the North and the South? 3. Even though they were slave states, Missouri, Kentucky, Maryland, and Delaware did not secede from the Union. Is there a connection between slave density and which states left the Union? 4. What arguments could be made about the potential causes of the war given these maps? 5. If this is all the information you had on the economies of the North and South, how might one argue that new lands in the West might lead to serious troubles for the nation? 6. The first states to secede from the Union were South Carolina, Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi and Louisiana; given the maps, is this surprising? Why or why not? 1
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Name ________________________ Document B – Resources of the Union and the Confederacy, 1861 1. What is the population total for non-slaves in the North (including Border States) and the South? 2. Given the population statistics, how might the North have dominated the South politically in at least two branches of the government? 3. How might the North’s industrial economy and the South’s agricultural economy have benefited each other? 4. Why might some Northern workers not want slavery to end in the South? 5. Why might some Southerners have wanted slavery to end in the South? 6. Do the economic differences reflected by these pie charts suggest a possible cause of the Civil War? Why or why not? Document C – The Impending Crisis of the South 1. What is Helper’s opinion of the Southern economy, and why? 2. What evidence does Helper present that argues for a change in the Southern economy? 3. What groups of people in the South benefit from the Southern economy, and what groups DO NOT benefit? Why? 4. How do you think this book would have been received in the North? 5. Do the pie diagrams from Document B support Helper’s argument? Why or why not? 6. Does this document shed any light on what possibly caused the Civil War? Document D – Cotton is King 1. What is the main idea of this document (what is Hammond’s main argument)?
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  • Fall '16
  • Tiffany Jenkins

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