Lecture 8 Development Cont..docx

Lecture 8 Development Cont..docx - Lecture 8 Development...

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9/27/16 Lecture 8: Development Cont. Attachment Styles Erik Erikson’s concept of basic trust resembles concept of attachment, but extends beyond the family into our feeling of whether the world is predictable and trustworthy Basic trust is established by relationships with early caregivers Attachment style may be relevant to our ability to manage and enjoy adult relationships Temperament, Attachment & Later Relationships Temperament differences seem to persist Fearful 2 yr olds more likely to become shy 8 yr old, more likely to become introverted adolescents Insecurely attached child may grow up to be: Anxious- crave acceptance but remain guarded in relationships for fear of rejection Avoidant- do not feel comfortable getting close to others and use avoidant strategies to maintain a distance Adult attachment can impact how one parents own children Avoidant adults not comfortable with closeness- makes parenting seem more stressful May be difficult to form secure attachments w/ own child and cycle continues Influences on Separation Anxiety Effects of Environment on Attachment Separation anxiety peaks and fades whether kids are at home or in day care
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9/27/16 Children in Day Care Does not significantly increase or decrease separation anxiety Warm interaction w/ multiple caretakers can result in mult healthy attachments Deprivation of Attachment If children live w/o safe, nurturing, affectionate care taking, they may still be resilient (bounce back, attach, succeed) However if child exp severe, prolonged deprivation or abuse, he/she may have difficulty forming attachment, etc 1980s, Romanian orphanage had 250 children between ages 1-5 1 caregiver for every 15 children
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