labor law - I How To Analyze A Case When...

Info icon This preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

I) How To Analyze A Case When summarizing/analyzing a hypothetical case (called a fact pack) given to you on a  test, use the acronym IRAC: Issue, Rule, Application, Conclusion. This is your paragraph  roadmap. You should even number the paragraphs 1 – 4 on the test.  1) Issue – spot the issue, the controversy, and ask the question.  2) Rule – state the rules/laws or precedents from past cases that answer the question.* 3) Application – argue both sides of the issue and maybe give your own thoughts 4) Conclusion – simply sum up your ruling, using "In sum" or "In conclusion."   *Be sure to bring up the names of specific cases, especially in the Rule section. II) Learn The Cases   1) J.I.  Issue: Can an employer refuse to bargain collectively by refusing to bargain over matters  previously contained in individual contracts established between the employer and the  employee?  Rule: No, a collective bargaining agreement trumps an individual contract; but employer  and employee may contract with one another so long as the terms do not conflict with  the collective bargaining agreement.  Individual contracts lead to individual advantages which may disrupt industrial peace.  Collective rights lead to collective good, mutual aid, equality, peace, and protection. The  employer deals with one voice instead of many.  The other side of the argument is that the individual contracts were established before  the collective bargaining contract and the individual contract should stay in effect until it  expires.  2) Kentucky River
Image of page 1

Info icon This preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

Issue: Are real nurses considered supervisors?  What is the definition of a supervisor?  Which party has to prove supervisory status?   A supervisor must make independent  judgment; so when is one's judgment considered independent?   Rule: Supervisors are defined as any individual having the authority in the interest of the  employers to: 1) hire 2) transfer 3) suspend 4) lay off 5) recall 6) promote 7) discharge 8)  assign  9)  reward  10)  discipline   11)  direct  others  12)  adjust   other   grievances.  This  requires the use of independent judgment.  The NLRB test for supervisor status: one must have at least 1 of the 12 supervisor  functions, their authority requires independent judgment, their authority is held in the  interest of the supervisor.  The employer has the burden of proving supervisor status.  3) Oakwood Issue:   What   are  the  exact   definitions   of   "assign"   and   "responsibility   to   direct"   and  "independent   judgment"?   (This   case   is   a   continuation   of   the   issues   brought   up   in  Kentucky River .)  Rule: To assign is to designate an employee to a place, time, or duty. Responsibility to 
Image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.
  • Fall '07
  • LIEBERWITZR
  • Trade union, supervisor, employer

{[ snackBarMessage ]}

What students are saying

  • Left Quote Icon

    As a current student on this bumpy collegiate pathway, I stumbled upon Course Hero, where I can find study resources for nearly all my courses, get online help from tutors 24/7, and even share my old projects, papers, and lecture notes with other students.

    Student Picture

    Kiran Temple University Fox School of Business ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    I cannot even describe how much Course Hero helped me this summer. It’s truly become something I can always rely on and help me. In the end, I was not only able to survive summer classes, but I was able to thrive thanks to Course Hero.

    Student Picture

    Dana University of Pennsylvania ‘17, Course Hero Intern

  • Left Quote Icon

    The ability to access any university’s resources through Course Hero proved invaluable in my case. I was behind on Tulane coursework and actually used UCLA’s materials to help me move forward and get everything together on time.

    Student Picture

    Jill Tulane University ‘16, Course Hero Intern