exam review.pdf - Period 1(1491-1607 Native vs European...

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Unformatted text preview: ​ ​Period​ ​1​ ​(1491-1607) Native vs. European views on land/nature (Culture and Society) Who:​ ​Native​ ​Americans​ ​and​ ​Europeans What:​ ​Natives​ ​saw​ ​nature​ ​as​ ​spiritual;​ ​Europeans​ ​saw​ ​land​ ​as​ ​power When:​ ​before​ ​1492;​ ​1518​ ​(Cortes)​ ​for​ ​Europeans Where:​ ​Tenochtitlan/​ ​America Explains​ ​why​ ​Natives​ ​were​ ​not​ ​initially​ ​hostile​ ​toward​ ​Europeans​ ​(saw​ ​them​ ​as gods)​ ​while​ ​Europeans​ ​solely​ ​viewed​ ​gaining​ ​land​ ​as​ ​a​ ​way​ ​of​ ​gaining​ ​resources​ ​and hence​ ​power--the​ ​ideology​ ​was​ ​influenced​ ​by​ ​European​ ​religion​ ​(in​ ​comparison​ ​to Native​ ​religion​ ​and​ ​its​ ​views​ ​on​ ​nature.) Diseases​ ​(Geography​ ​and Environment) Who:​ ​Europeans/​ ​Natives What:​ ​Whites​ ​brought​ ​smallpox/​ ​measles​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Americas;​ ​Natives​ ​gave​ ​whites syphilis When:​ ​c.​ ​1585 Where:​ ​New​ ​England/​ ​Jamestown 800​ ​million​ ​NA​ ​dead Natives​ ​and​ ​Europeans​ ​exchanged​ ​diseases—which​ ​is​ ​part​ ​of​ ​the​ ​environment “Land​ ​Bridge”​ ​Theory (Migration​ ​and​ ​Settlement Who:​ ​first​ ​Americans What:​ ​theory​ ​that​ ​people​ ​migrated​ ​to​ ​America​ ​through​ ​the​ ​Bering​ ​Strait,​ ​but​ ​then the​ ​sea​ ​level​ ​rose​ ​causing​ ​the​ ​cut​ ​off When:​ ​35000​ ​years​ ​ago Where:​ ​Asia/​ ​North​ ​America/​ ​Bering​ ​Sea Further​ ​supported​ ​by​ ​the​ ​Great​ ​Ice​ ​Age Theory​ ​states​ ​that​ ​people​ ​migrated​ ​and​ ​settled​ ​onto​ ​North​ ​American​ ​landmass through​ ​the​ ​supposed​ ​land​ ​bridge Iroquois​ ​Confederation (Politics​ ​and​ ​Power) Who:​ ​Mohawks,​ ​Oneidas,​ ​Cayugas,​ ​Senecas,​ ​Onomdagas What:​ ​military​ ​power​ ​consisting​ ​of​ ​various​ ​tribes Where:​ ​NY;​ ​Canada Had​ ​elected​ ​leaders—these​ ​leaders​ ​made​ ​important​ ​decisions;​ ​successful​ ​in​ ​warfare =--most​ ​effective​ ​compared​ ​to​ ​other​ ​organizations All​ ​the​ ​tribes​ ​were​ ​in​ ​agreement​ ​to​ ​a​ ​common​ ​government Elizabeth​ ​I​ ​&​ ​The​ ​Spanish Armada​ ​(politics​ ​and​ ​power) Who:​ ​Lizzy​ ​I;​ ​Phillip​ ​II What:​ ​Spain​ ​set​ ​ships​ ​to​ ​invade​ ​England​ ​but​ ​failed When:​ ​1588 Where:​ ​English​ ​Channel Marked​ ​beginning​ ​of​ ​English​ ​dominance,​ ​especially​ ​in​ ​context​ ​of​ ​the​ ​navy​ ​–decline of​ ​the​ ​Spanish​ ​power Barbados​ ​Slave​ ​Code​ ​(1661) (Work,​ ​Exchange Technology) Who:​ ​Carolina​ ​settlers;​ ​slaves What:​ ​denied​ ​slaves​ ​of​ ​basic​ ​rights;​ ​owners​ ​can​ ​treat​ ​their​ ​slaves​ ​as​ ​they​ ​please When:​ ​1661 Where:​ ​Carolina Slaves​ ​were​ ​treated​ ​as​ ​objects;​ ​this​ ​code​ ​was​ ​applied​ ​to​ ​the​ ​Carolinian​ ​work​ ​force Corn​ ​and​ ​Potatoes (Geography​ ​and Environment​ ​) Who:​ ​NA;​ ​Spanish What:​ ​Europeans​ ​utilized​ ​NA​ ​corn+​ ​potatoes When:​ ​Columbian​ ​Exchange Where:​ ​Spain;​ ​N​ ​Euro;​ ​Americas Increased​ ​food​ ​supply—led​ ​to​ ​an​ ​increased​ ​population Integral​ ​part​ ​of​ ​Columbian​ ​Exchange​ ​between​ ​America​ ​and​ ​Euro Without​ ​right​ ​climate/​ ​geography,​ ​corn​ ​and​ ​potatoes​ ​no​ ​impact​ ​as​ ​greatly Incas,​ ​Mayas,​ ​Aztecs (America​ ​in​ ​the​ ​World) Who:​ ​Tribes​ ​in​ ​Mesoamerica/​ ​South​ ​America What:​ ​Tribes​ ​Spanish​ ​conquered Where:​ ​Mesoamerica/​ ​South​ ​America—Tenochitlan/​ ​Lima Spanish​ ​gained​ ​land​ ​and​ ​resources​ ​by​ ​conquering​ ​these​ ​tribes Cortes​ ​and​ ​Aztecs;​ ​Pizzaro​ ​and​ ​Incas Each​ ​tribe​ ​was​ ​hella​ ​developed​ ​a​ ​legit​ ​systems​ ​of​ ​trade​ ​and​ ​government Spanish​ ​Conquistadores (Politics​ ​and​ ​Power) Who:​ ​Cortes​ ​(central);​ ​Pizzaro​ ​(south);​ ​de​ ​Leon​ ​(north) What:​ ​Spanish​ ​conquistadores​ ​who​ ​traveled​ ​to​ ​Americas​ ​and​ ​conquered​ ​esiting empires When:​ ​1521;​ ​1532-1541 Where​ ​Tenochtitlan;​ ​Lima Ended​ ​the​ ​large​ ​developed​ ​empires Spanish​ ​had​ ​more​ ​power​ ​than​ ​the​ ​tribes​ ​hence​ ​took​ ​over;​ ​asserted​ ​Spanish dominance​ ​over​ ​the​ ​empires Enclosure​ ​Movement​ ​(Work Exchange​ ​and​ ​Technology) Who:​ ​English​ ​landlords;​ ​farmers What:​ ​landlords​ ​fenced​ ​land​ ​therefore​ ​causing​ ​more​ ​people​ ​to​ ​migrate​ ​into​ ​cities due​ ​to​ ​lack​ ​of​ ​available​ ​land;​ ​led​ ​to​ ​less​ ​opportunity​ ​for​ ​peasants When:​ ​late​ ​1500’s Where:​ ​England Led​ ​to​ ​a​ ​influx​ ​of​ ​indentured​ ​servants​ ​who​ ​made​ ​up​ ​much​ ​of​ ​America’s​ ​primitive population—led​ ​to​ ​increased​ ​plantation​ ​labor​ ​in​ ​America​ ​(supplied​ ​Americas workforce) Juan​ ​de​ ​Sepulveda​​ ​(Work, Exchange,​ ​and​ ​Technology Who:​ ​Spanish​ ​priest What:​ ​pro​ ​NA​ ​slavery;​ ​contradicted​ ​de​ ​Casas When:1550 Where:​ ​Valladolid,​ ​Spain Essentially​ ​dictated​ ​that​ ​enslaving​ ​NA​ ​is​ ​a​ ​right—supported​ ​Spanish​ ​use​ ​of​ ​NA​ ​as labor​ ​force​ ​in​ ​Americas Bartolome​ ​de​ ​las​ ​Casas (Work,​ ​Exchange,​ ​and Technology) Who:​ ​Spanish​ ​Missionary What:​ ​anti​ ​encomienda​ ​system;​ ​pro​ ​abolition​ ​of​ ​NA​ ​slavery When:​ ​1497-1566 Where:​ ​American​ ​plantations Ideas​ ​contributed​ ​greatly​ ​to​ ​the​ ​infamous​ ​Black​ ​Legend​ ​of​ ​Spanish​ ​rule;​ ​argued against​ ​the​ ​current​ ​labor​ ​system​ ​of​ ​Spanish​ ​colonies “Three​ ​Sisters”​ ​Farming (Geography​ ​and Environment) Who:​ ​Iroquis What:​ ​corn/bean/squash​ ​are​ ​grown​ ​together When:​ ​1000​ ​AD Where:​ ​NE​ ​North​ ​America Increased​ ​food​ ​supply​ ​and​ ​therefore​ ​population—increased​ ​efficiency These​ ​three​ ​crops​ ​were​ ​able​ ​to​ ​grow​ ​due​ ​to​ ​suitable​ ​environment European​ ​Explorers (Migration​ ​and​ ​Settlement) Who:​ ​Columbus;​ ​Cabot;​ ​Vespucci What:​ ​Europeans​ ​traveled​ ​and​ ​colonized​ ​in​ ​new​ ​world When:​ ​after​ ​1492 Where:​ ​Bahamas;​ ​Hispanola;​ ​Cuba Led​ ​to​ ​migration​ ​of​ ​Europeans​ ​to​ ​New​ ​World Primogeniture​ ​(Migration and​ ​Settlement) Who:​ ​European​ ​landowners What:​ ​eldest​ ​son​ ​is ​to​ ​inherit​ ​all​ ​of​ ​family​ ​land When:​ ​before​ ​1925 Where:​ ​England Younger​ ​children​ ​migrated​ ​to​ ​New​ ​World​ ​in​ ​search​ ​of​ ​new​ ​opportunity Columbian​ ​Exchange​ ​(Work, Exchange​ ​and​ ​Technology) Who:​ ​Native​ ​Americans​ ​and​ ​Europeans What:​ ​exchange​ ​of​ ​crops,​ ​livestock,​ ​and​ ​disease​ ​between​ ​Europe​ ​and​ ​Americas When:​ ​after​ ​1492 Where:​ ​ ​Britain “Black​ ​Legend”​ ​(Work, Exchange,​ ​Technology) Who:​ ​Spaniards What:​ ​notion​ ​that​ ​Spaniards​ ​only​ ​bring​ ​about​ ​bad​ ​things When:​ ​1500’s;​ ​reign​ ​of​ ​Phillip​ ​II Where:​ ​North​ ​America Non​ ​Spaniards​ ​believed​ ​that​ ​Spaniards​ ​only​ ​brought​ ​about​ ​disease​ ​and​ ​slavery​ ​and various​ ​other​ ​negative​ ​things—many​ ​believed​ ​that​ ​Spain​ ​destroyed​ ​the​ ​NA Maritime​ ​Innovations: (Caravel,​ ​Compass, Astrolabe,​ ​Sextant) Who:​ ​Portuguese​ ​and​ ​Chinese What:​ ​naval​ ​innovations​ ​allowed​ ​for​ ​Europeans​ ​to​ ​navigate​ ​global​ ​seas When:​ ​1730​ ​(sextant);​ ​1600’s​ ​(caravel,​ ​astrolabes) Where:​ ​Global Let​ ​to​ ​colonization​ ​and​ ​settlement Encomienda​ ​System​ ​(Work, Exchange,​ ​and​ ​Technology) Who:​ ​Spanish​ ​landlords;​ ​Indians What:​ ​NA​ ​to​ ​work​ ​and​ ​convert​ ​to​ ​Christianity;​ ​way​ ​of​ ​enacting​ ​forced​ ​labor Where:​ ​Spanish​ ​sugar​ ​plantation​ ​systems Indians​ ​made​ ​up​ ​labor​ ​force​ ​for​ ​sugar​ ​plantations Treaty​ ​of​ ​Tordesillas (Politics​ ​and​ ​Power) Who:​ ​Spanish,​ ​Portuguese What:​ ​agreement​ ​in​ ​which​ ​Spain​ ​and​ ​Portuguese​ ​settled​ ​conflict​ ​over​ ​colonial territory Where:​ ​New​ ​Spain When:​ ​1494 Covenant​ ​between​ ​Spain​ ​and​ ​Portugal Caste​ ​System​ ​(America​ ​and National​ ​Identity) Mestizos;​ ​criolles;​ ​peninsulares​ ​(top) Spanish​ ​Mission​ ​System (Culture​ ​and​ ​Society) (c.​ ​1573)​ ​system​ ​to​ ​convert​ ​NA​ ​to​ ​Christianity​ ​and​ ​in​ ​part​ ​incoperate​ ​NA​ ​into Hispanic​ ​culture—in​ ​retaliation​ ​of​ ​European​ ​protestant​ ​reformation Tribes​ ​of​ ​Atlantic​ ​Coast (Culture​ ​and​ ​Society) Who:​ ​ironlad​ ​tribes;​ ​mound​ ​builders What:​ ​women​ ​to​ ​fields;​ ​men​ ​hunted When:​ ​pre​ ​17​th​​ ​c Where:​ ​MI​ ​River​ ​Valley Contributed​ ​to​ ​the​ ​culture​ ​that​ ​had​ ​exisited​ ​at​ ​the​ ​time​ ​of​ ​European​ ​colonization Tribes​ ​of​ ​Pacific​ ​Northwest (Culture​ ​and​ ​Society) Who:​ ​Chinook;​ ​Tilamook What:​ ​independent​ ​villages;​ ​fishing;​ ​hunting​ ​mammals;​ ​gathering​ ​wild​ ​plants When:​ ​pre​ ​18​th​​ ​c Tribes​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Southwest (Culture​ ​and​ ​Society) Who:​ ​Hopi;​ ​Navajo;​ ​Pueblo;​ ​Apache What:​ ​desert​ ​farming;​ ​adequate​ ​irrigation​ ​systems;​ ​close​ ​knit​ ​familial​ ​villages When:​ ​900-1200 Tribes​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Great​ ​Plains (Culture​ ​and​ ​Society) Who:​ ​Blackfort;​ ​Arapaho;​ ​Cheyenne What:​ ​hunting​ ​and​ ​agriculture When:​ ​1100 African​ ​Slave​ ​Trade​ ​(Work, Exchange,​ ​and​ ​Technology) Start:​ ​1440 Africans=​ ​objects—treated​ ​as​ ​property Asiento​ ​System​ ​(Work, Exchange​ ​and​ ​Technology) Start​ ​of​ ​Trans-Atlantic​ ​trade—African​ ​slaves​ ​shipped​ ​to​ ​Spanish​ ​colonies​ ​in​ ​order​ ​to replenish​ ​labor​ ​force​ ​after​ ​so​ ​many​ ​NA​ ​had​ ​died—Spanish​ ​crown​ ​sold​ ​slaves​ ​to American​ ​landowners Christopher​ ​Columbus (Work,​ ​Exchange, Technology) Mestizos​ ​(American​ ​and National​ ​Identity) Mixed​ ​origin;​ ​valley​ ​of​ ​Mexico;​ ​repopulated​ ​areas​ ​where​ ​Natives​ ​had​ ​died​ ​out; formation​ ​of​ ​a​ ​new​ ​Spanish-Indian​ ​culture​ ​(1514​ ​mixed​ ​marriage​ ​was allowed)—new​ ​racial​ ​identity Joint​ ​Stock​ ​Company​ ​(Work Exchange,​ ​Technology) London​ ​Co.;​ ​Plymouth​ ​Co.;​ ​most​ ​times​ ​was​ ​a​ ​combination​ ​of​ ​savings​ ​from​ ​the middle​ ​class;​ ​people​ ​invested​ ​in​ ​hope​ ​of​ ​reaping​ ​profit​ ​from​ ​American​ ​land potential Mercantilism​ ​(Work, Energy,​ ​Technology) American​ ​resources​ ​used​ ​to​ ​greatly​ ​benefit​ ​Europe​ ​1500-1700 Period​ ​2​ ​(1607-1754) Settlements​ ​of​ ​Spain (Migration​ ​and Settlement) Columbus;​ ​Cortes;​ ​Pizaro;​ ​start​ ​of​ ​New​ ​World​ ​Settlement;​ ​Spanish​ ​colonies​ ​in​ ​Latin+ South​ ​America​ ​(and​ ​Florida) Rebellion,​ ​Sabotage,​ ​and Escape​ ​(Work, Exchange,​ ​and Technology) African​ ​slaves​ ​attempting​ ​to​ ​escape​ ​their​ ​respective​ ​Spanish​ ​plantations—further supporting​ ​how​ ​slaves​ ​were​ ​treated​ ​as​ ​objet+​ ​the​ ​horrors​ ​depicted​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Black​ ​Legend Middle​ ​Colonies (Migration​ ​and Settlements) Who:​ ​Quakers;​ ​Prehbytatians;​ ​other​ ​sects​ ​of​ ​Protestants Where:​ ​NY;​ ​PN;​ ​DW;​ ​NJ Fertile​ ​land+​ ​affluent​ ​forests​ ​for​ ​lumber Asylum​ ​for​ ​religious​ ​disassociates Denominations​ ​of Christianity​ ​in​ ​Colonies (Culture​ ​and​ ​Society) Mostly​ ​middle​ ​class;​ ​Quakers;​ ​prebi;​ ​Lutherans;​ ​Calvinists;​ ​middle​ ​colonies=​ ​most tolerant​ ​(esp.​ ​PN) Settlements​ ​of​ ​England (Migrations​ ​and Settlement) Puritans/​ ​VA​ ​Co.;​ ​established​ ​the​ ​13​ ​English​ ​colonies​ ​along​ ​eastern​ ​coast;​ ​failure​ ​at Roanoke​ ​but​ ​later​ ​people​ ​migrated​ ​to​ ​thirteen​ ​colonies;​ ​English​ ​conquered​ ​various Dutch​ ​settlements​ ​in​ ​NY​ ​area;​ ​various​ ​conflicts​ ​with​ ​Native​ ​Americans Joint​ ​Stock​ ​Companies (Work,​ ​Exchange,​ ​and Technology) VA​ ​Co—consisted​ ​of​ ​various​ ​investors​ ​who​ ​financed​ ​land​ ​in​ ​New​ ​World​ ​in​ ​hopes​ ​of reaping​ ​profit;​ ​economic​ ​development​ ​of​ ​17​th​​ ​c.;​ ​Jamestown​ ​1607 Southern​ ​Colonies (Migration​ ​and Settlement) 5​ ​colonies:​ ​MY/VA/NC/SC/GA;​ ​characterized​ ​by​ ​cash​ ​crops​ ​and​ ​plantations—tobacco, rice,​ ​indigo;​ ​generated​ ​great​ ​wealth John​ ​Winthrop​ ​(Culture and​ ​Society) c.1630;​ ​Puritan​ ​governor​ ​of​ ​MA;​ ​famous​ ​“City​ ​Upon​ ​a​ ​Hill”​ ​speech;​ ​feared​ ​democracy; rule​ ​allowed​ ​for​ ​MA​ ​to​ ​prosper​ ​in​ ​fur​ ​trade,​ ​fishing,​ ​and​ ​ship​ ​building;​ ​A.​ ​Hutchinson religious​ ​conflict;​ ​wanted​ ​the​ ​MA​ ​Bay​ ​Colony​ ​to​ ​be​ ​the​ ​role​ ​model​ ​colony​ ​although initially​ ​was​ ​a​ ​religious​ ​experiment Settlements​ ​of​ ​France (Migrations​ ​and Settlements) c.​ ​early​ ​18​th​​ ​c;​ ​Champlain;​ ​French​ ​colonies​ ​rather​ ​up​ ​north​ ​(Canada​ ​ish/​ ​Quebec)​ ​)​ ​and prospered​ ​through​ ​fur​ ​trade​ ​and​ ​NA​ ​alliances​ ​(Huron);​ ​more​ ​peaceful​ ​relationship​ ​with environment​ ​and​ ​natives​ ​in​ ​comparison​ ​to​ ​both​ ​Spanish​ ​and​ ​English Navigation​ ​Acts​ ​(Politics and​ ​Power) c.​ ​1650-1700;​ ​Series​ ​of​ ​laws​ ​Britain​ ​applied​ ​to​ ​its​ ​colonies—all​ ​imports​ ​and​ ​exports​ ​were to​ ​be​ ​regulated​ ​by​ ​the​ ​mother​ ​country​ ​and​ ​violators​ ​were​ ​to​ ​be​ ​harshly​ ​penalized; pressurized​ ​colonists​ ​while​ ​benefitted​ ​England;​ ​further​ ​enhanced​ ​British​ ​control​ ​and power​ ​on​ ​American​ ​society Headright​ ​System (Migration​ ​and Settlement) c.1618;​ ​Land​ ​ownership​ ​system​ ​meant​ ​to​ ​attract​ ​English​ ​immigrants​ ​(more​ ​so​ ​the middle​ ​class​ ​ones)—offered​ ​50​ ​acres​ ​of​ ​land​ ​to​ ​those​ ​who​ ​paid​ ​for​ ​a​ ​trip​ ​to​ ​New​ ​World; implemented​ ​at​ ​Chesapeake​ ​Bay​ ​(led​ ​to​ ​its​ ​development)​ ​and​ ​Southern​ ​colonies; William​ ​Penn (Migration​ ​and Settlement) Persecuted​ ​English​ ​Quaker​ ​who​ ​established​ ​PN​ ​(1681)—was​ ​its​ ​proprietor;​ ​established​ ​a society​ ​that​ ​was​ ​highly​ ​tolerant Settlements​ ​of​ ​the​ ​Dutch (Migration​ ​and Settlement) c.1609;​ ​Hudson—Dutch​ ​explorer​ ​who​ ​settled​ ​at​ ​the​ ​now​ ​known​ ​Hudson​ ​River;​ ​similar to​ ​French​ ​en​ ​que​ ​ellos​ ​habian​ ​beneficiado​ ​con​ ​fur​ ​trade​ ​and​ ​relaciones​ ​tranquilas​ ​con NA Stono,​ ​Gloucester​ ​and Maiden​ ​Lane​ ​Slave Rebellions​ ​(Work Exchange​ ​and Technology) Stono:​ ​slaves​ ​march​ ​to​ ​Florida​ ​from​ ​SC Gloucester:​ ​planned​ ​revolt​ ​by​ ​indentured​ ​servants​ ​and​ ​slaves Maiden​ ​Lane:​ ​slaves​ ​radical​ ​en​ ​que​ ​ellos​ ​fugaron​ ​edificios​ ​de​ ​personas​ ​Europas Mayoría​ ​de​ ​estés​ ​rebeliones​ ​no​ ​eran​ ​exitosos/​ ​repressed Indentured​ ​Servitude (Work,​ ​Exchange,​ ​and Technology) Poorest​ ​of​ ​the​ ​poor​ ​in​ ​England​ ​migrated​ ​to​ ​America​ ​in​ ​hopes​ ​of​ ​opportunity​ ​but​ ​most had​ ​to​ ​first​ ​work​ ​temporarily​ ​as​ ​slaves​ ​(to​ ​pay​ ​off​ ​their​ ​passage)​ ​for​ ​a​ ​couple​ ​of​ ​years before​ ​starting​ ​their​ ​lives—many​ ​died​ ​in​ ​the​ ​process;​ ​pre​ ​1700’s​ ​for​ ​work​ ​force​ ​in replaced​ ​with​ ​slavery;​ ​MY/​ ​Chesapeake​ ​Bay Starving​ ​Time (Migration​ ​and Settlement) Colonists​ ​in​ ​VA​ ​died​ ​due​ ​to​ ​low​ ​food​ ​supplies;​ ​winter​ ​of​ ​1609-1610;​ ​only​ ​60/400 survived Puritans​ ​(Culture​ ​and Society) MA​ ​Bay​ ​Colony;​ ​made​ ​up​ ​large​ ​portion​ ​of​ ​the​ ​migrants​ ​who​ ​participated​ ​in​ ​the​ ​Great Migration;​ ​established​ ​society​ ​based​ ​on​ ​their​ ​beliefs;​ ​1608 Barbados​ ​Slave​ ​Codes (Work​ ​Exchange​ ​and Technology) Carolinas;​ ​denied​ ​basic​ ​rights​ ​to​ ​slaves/​ ​owners​ ​could​ ​treat​ ​salves​ ​as​ ​they​ ​please;​ ​1661; allowed​ ​for​ ​economic​ ​prosperity​ ​of​ ​plantations​ ​and​ ​whites Mayflower​ ​Compact (Politics​ ​and​ ​Power) Form​ ​of​ ​self​ ​gov​ ​in​ ​America;​ ​1620 Great​ ​Migration (Migration​ ​and Settlements) Puritan​ ​migration​ ​to​ ​New​ ​England;​ ​1620-1640;​ ​caused​ ​to​ ​excessive​ ​Puritan​ ​persecution from​ ​English​ ​crown;​ ​due​ ​to​ ​even​ ​number​ ​of​ ​female​ ​and​ ​male​ ​migrants,​ ​population​ ​was able​ ​to​ ​grow;​ ​supplied​ ​one​ ​of​ ​America’s​ ​first​ ​populations Quakers​ ​(Culture​ ​and Society) Society​ ​of​ ​Friend​ ​members;​ ​PN;​ ​pro​ ​equality​ ​and​ ​less​ ​military/slavery​ ​;​ ​good​ ​NA relations​ ​(Chain​ ​of​ ​Friendship) Tidewater​ ​Aristocracy (Migration​ ​and Settlement) Royalist​ ​aristocracy​ ​of​ ​VA;​ ​was​ ​persecuted​ ​in​ ​England​ ​therefore​ ​escaped​ ​to​ ​New​ ​World; late​ ​17​th​​ ​c; Half-Way​ ​Covenant (Culture​ ​and​ ​Society) c.​ ​1662;​ ​estableció​ ​que​ ​todo​ ​puede​ ​participar​ ​con​ ​el​ ​iglesia​ ​even​ ​if​ ​only​ ​half​ ​converted; religiou​ ​and​ ​political​ ​solution​ ​que​ ​había​ ​dado​ ​derechos​ ​y​ ​oportunidades​ ​(para​ ​ser miembre)​ ​para​ ​half​ ​converts;​ ​was​ ​not​ ​approved​ ​by​ ​all​ ​relgious​ ​groups Atlantic​ ​Slave​ ​Trade (Work,​ ​Energy,​ ​and Technology) New​ ​England​ ​Colonies (Migration​ ​and Settlement) Puritans—Winthrop/Pilgrams;​ ​4​ ​colonies:​ ​MA​ ​Bay​ ​Colony/CN/New​ ​Hampshire/RI; affluent​ ​lumber​ ​and​ ​fur First​ ​Families (Migration​ ​and Settlement) VA​ ​elite—dominated​ ​House​ ​of​ ​Burgess/​ ​owned​ ​VA​ ​estates Liesler​ ​and​ ​Bacon Rebellions​ ​(Politics​ ​and Power) Bacon:​ ​(Jamestown)​ ​Government​ ​(Berkley)​ ​was​ ​too​ ​friendly​ ​with​ ​residing​ ​NA​ ​(angered various​ ​NY​ ​citizens​ ​including​ ​Bacon);​ ​1676 Leisler:​ ​(NY)​ ​insurgency​ ​between​ ​landowners​ ​and​ ​merchants;​ ​1689-1691 Represent​ ​the​ ​discontent​ ​of​ ​the​ ​people​ ​with​ ​the​ ​existing​ ​rule;​ ​both​ ​leaders​ ​were executed New​ ​England Confederation​ ​(America and​ ​National​ ​Identity) 4​ ​colonies​ ​(MA​ ​Bay​ ​Colony,​ ​Plymouth​ ​Colony,​ ​New​ ​Haven​ ​Colony,​ ​Valley​ ​Colony)​ ​that united​ ​to​ ​defend​ ​against​ ​common​ ​enemies;​ ​milestone​ ​in​ ​American​ ​unity;​ ​ignored Charles​ ​II​ ​attempts​ ​at​ ​attaining​ ​complete​ ​control​ ​over​ ​the​ ​colonies Salutary​ ​Neglect (Politics​ ​and​ ​Power) c.​ ​late​ ​17​th​​ ​c-18​th​​ ​c;​ ​lack​ ​of​ ​the​ ​enforcement​ ​of​ ​Navigational​ ​Acts;​ ​allowed​ ​for​ ​America​ ​to become​ ​more​ ​democratic​ ​self-governed;​ ​occurred​ ​due​ ​to​ ​lack​ ​of ​technology​ ​and increases​ ​distance;​ ​Walpole Enlightment​ ​(America in​ ​the​ ​World) Increased​ ​America​ ​+​ ​Euro​ ​connection;​ ​expanded​ ​public​ ​sphere;​ ​overreaching​ ​themes: liberty/religious​ ​tolerance/equality King​ ​George​ ​(America​ ​in the​ ​World) King​ ​George’s​ ​War​ ​(War​ ​of​ ​Austrian​ ​Succession)​ ​(1744-1748);​ ​Nova​ ​Scotia/New England/​ ​Ohio​ ​Valley;​ ​France​ ​v.​ ​England—both​ ​got​ ​NA​ ​allies;​ ​Peace​ ​of​ ​Aix​ ​la​ ​Chappelle settled​ ​land​ ​disputes;​ ​North​ ​America​ ​got​ ​entangled​ ​in​ ​a​ ​Euro​ ​conflict J.P​ ​Zenger/​ ​Zenger Trials​ ​(Politics​ ​and Power) (1700’s,​ ​NY)​ ​newspaper​ ​writer​ ​who​ ​protested​ ​anti​ ​royal​ ​governor​ ​and​ ​went​ ​to​ ​trial;​ ​set democracy​ ​standards;​ ​tried​ ​for​ ​treason​ ​but​ ​was​ ​acquitted;​ ​set​ ​the​ ​standards​ ​for​ ​freedom of​ ​press Poor​ ​Richards​ ​Almanac (Culture​ ​and​ ​Society) B.​ ​Franklin;​ ​most​ ​widely​ ​read​ ​book​ ​after​ ​the​ ​Bible​ ​between​ ​Euro​ ​and​ ​America;​ ​1759; expansion​ ​of​ ​public​ ​sphere First​ ​Great​ ​Awakening (Culture​ ​and​ ​Society) J.​ ​Edwards;​ ​series​ ​of​ ​religious​ ​revivals;​ ​1734;​ ​led​ ​to​ ​influx​ ​of​ ​various​ ​other​ ​religious​ ​sects (Methodists Anne​ ​Hutchinson​ ​and Roger​ ​Williams​ ​(Culture and​ ​Society) Los​ ​dos​ ​habian​ ​desifado​ ​el​ ​socied​ ​de​ ​Purtian​ ​en​ ​MA​ ​Bay​ ​Colony;​ ​Hutchinson: Antinomism(*);​ ​Williams:​ ​establecio​ ​RI​ ​(implememnted​ ​relgious​ ​toleration);​ ​both​ ​were banned​ ​from​ ​MA​ ​colony ************King Phillips​ ​War​ ​(Migration and​ ​Settlements) Natives​ ​v.​ ​English​ ​colonists;​ ​1675-1678;​ ​one​ ​of​ ​bloodiest​ ​conflict​ ​in​ ​US​ ​History—Indian allies​ ​attacked​ ​(something??) Scottish-Irish​ ​(Culture and​ ​Society) 1700;​ ​people​ ​who​ ​moved​ ​from​ ​Scotland​ ​to​ ​Ireland​ ​to​ ​America​ ​(VA Colony/Carolinas/GA);​ ​established​ ​prehybrit​ ​churches;​ ​migrated​ ​to​ ​escape​ ​persecution and​ ​oppression Proprietary​ ​Colonies (Migration​ ​and Settlements) Propietors​ ​granted​ ​charters​ ​of​ ​owenership​ ​by​ ​king;​ ​MY/PN/DL;​ ​famous​ ​proprietors include​ ​Penn;​ ​see​ ​beginning​ ​of​ ​self-government Royal​ ​Colonies​ ​(Politics and​ ​Power) Colonies​ ​under​ ​direct​ ​monarch​ ​rule;​ ​NH​ ​(1679);​ ​less​ ​democracy​ ​and​ ​self​ ​government Corporate​ ​Colonies (Work,​ ​Exchange​ ​and ...
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