HUMAN NATURE 08-31 - HUMAN NATURE Plato Father of...

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HUMAN NATURE Plato – Father of philosophy Socrates 469-399 b.C. (put to death for corrupting the youth) One of his students was Plato, and therefore he was main character on Plato’s dialogues. Socratic wisdom: I know that I don’t know anything – aware of ignorance. Socrates on Plato’s dialogues wanted to learn and expose other people’s ignorance, by making them aware of it. Socratic Method: learn by questioning. Sophists were teachers who went around offering their services for a fee. There was no truth, there was no particular model of how people have to live. There’s no objective truth, therefore people needed to use power of persuasion. For Socrates, even though he and everyone else were ignorant, he believed it wasn’t a hopeless case. Socrates was in prison for some time when he was sentenced to die. His friends wanted to get him to get out of there instead of just waiting for his death. Socrates didn’t do that because he was sentenced from a legitimate court and he was given a chance to defend himself, which wasn’t sufficient so he thought he should accept the consequence, and obey this particular law. His friends thought it was an injustice and that he should pay back with an injustice himself. Socrates then said that it was better to suffer an injustice then to make one. Plato 427-347 b.C. Early – considered to be very accurate to life and view of Socrates Middle – some of Socrates views and some far too exoteric to be from Socrates and some life ideals that don’t have much to do with Socrates’ views. Model of University Geometry and Mathematics – Plato – world around us is corrupt. Math is abstract Republic Interested in justice and how it relates to society. Math was powerful because it gave reasoning to everything. I explained everything in a logical way. Quest for ideal society. Since they couldn’t do anything, it was just an attempt to paint a picture of the ideal society, using reason to do that, Character – Socrates - mostly Plato’s views Glaucon – Plato in real life Adiemantus – Plato in real life
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09-05 Socrates questioned about the old age and how to deal with it He answered that even though he was old, he was still having a good life, and not doing everything he did when he was young, but still enjoying it. Socrates then replied that he was only like that because he was wealthy, but he said that it wasn’t. Because he now was probably weak minded because of his old age and even though he didn’t believe in all the after life thoughts that were imposed to people at the time, he was still just. Justice for them was paying debts and telling the truth Justice was to give people what they were owed. When Socrates asked what were people owed, then he replied with “friends are owed benefits and enemies are owed harm”. To that, Socrates asked how should you classify people on who were friends and who were enemies (appearance or reality). People who are interested in making good to you and helping you should be defined by friends. So helping true friends and harming true
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HUMAN NATURE 08-31 - HUMAN NATURE Plato Father of...

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