PHL 303 Final Review Questions

PHL 303 Final Review Questions - PHL 303 Final Review...

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PHL 303 Final Review Questions Leon, Fall 07 1) How is resisting instincts a symptom of decline in Nietzsche? for all of life is based on semblance, art, deception, points of view, and the necessity of perspectives and error. Christianity was from the beginning, essentially and fundamentally, life's nausea and disgust with life, merely concealed behind, masked by, dressed up as, faith in 'another' or 'better' life. Hatred of 'the world,' condemnations of the passions, fear of beauty and sensuality, a beyond invented the better to slander this life, at bottom a craving for the nothing, for the end, for respite, for 'the sabbath of sabbaths' - all this always struck me, no less than the unconditional will of Christianity to recognize only moral values, as the most dangerous and uncanny form of all possible forms of a 'will to decline' - at the very least a sign of abysmal sickness, weariness, discouragement, exhaustion, and the impoverishment of life. For, confronted with morality (especially Christian, or unconditional, morality), life must continually and inevitably be in the wrong, because life is something essentially amoral - and eventually, crushed by the weight of contempt and the eternal No, life must then be felt to be unworthy of desire and altogether worthless. Morality itself - how now? might not morality be 'a will to negate life,' a secret instinct of annihilation, a principle of decay, diminution, and slander - the beginning of the end? Hence, the danger of dangers? A people perishes when it confuses its duty with duty in general. Nothing ruins us more profoundly, more intimately, than every "impersonal" duty, every sacrifice to the Moloch of abstraction.— How could one fail to feel how Kant's categorical imperative endangered life itself! ... The theologians' instinct alone protected it!— An action demanded by the instinct of life is proved to be right by the pleasure that accompanies it; yet this nihilist with his Christian dogmatic entrails considered pleasure an objection ... What could destroy us more quickly than working, thinking, and feeling without any inner necessity, without any deeply personal choice, without pleasure—as an automaton of "duty"? This is the very recipe for décadence, even for idiocy ... Nietzsche thinks “a life bright, cold, careful, aware, without and in resistance to instincts” is sick and it’s a formula to decadence to have to fight instincts.
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He said, “As long as life is ascending, happiness is the same as instinct.” He argues that because we don’t have reason, so we should prefer our instinct. One idiosyncratic of Western philosophers is that they lack a sense of history and they deny history or they don’t believe in senses. Chief enemy of life—affirmation in West- Platonic dream of an “other” better world of transcendent forms, beyond sensory and material where we are now; however, there’s no “true world” ,the “Apparent world” is the only world. The only revenge against this life is to fantasize another world or resisting instincts.
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