University of Southern California Arch 214b Global History of Architecture Final Exam Study Guide The exam is Thursday, December 7, 4:30-6:30 pm. The exam is all multiple choice. Please bring pencils and erasers. The exam covers all course material, with an emphasis on items covered in the two final review presentations. The guide below will help you focus your studies. You will see that earlier course material is edited to focus on the most iconic buildings. Review from the two midterms: THE LATE MIDDLE AGES AND THE RENAISSANCE Renaissance typologies • palazzos, humanistic thinking, piazzas and framed open spaces, people wanted to evoke thought an emulate strong forms, austere haunting forms of renaissance SANTA MARIA DEL FIORE - CAMPANILE DI GIOTTO: Arnolfo di Cambio, Florence • part of the church of Santa Maria del Fiore › is a bell tower › was a remnant and was built before Florence was developed SANTA MARIA DEL FIORE- BAPTISTERY: Brunelleschi , Florence • The baptistery is an octagonal building that is detached from the church • It held a competition for the new baptistery doors › Ghiberti won the competition and tells the story of the Renaissance › He is a part of the piece, which was unusual in the gothic era because it was done for the glory of God, not the individual. › indicates humanistic developments in the Renaissance › many panels on the door that tell a story from the Bible › are all new ideas of the Renaissance and focuses on the idea of the individual › point of view of a person is why perspective is important in the Renaissance
DUOMO, FLORENCE: Brunelleschi • Cathedral expanded - uncovered for a decade - resulted in trial and error with dome › major competition • idea was influenced by the success of the Pantheon • dome sits on an octagon and has ribboning in it that creates the stability needed to hold up the dome • designs used to achieve enormous scale: › Herring Bone brick structure – vertical bricks as spine & filled in with horizontals * Benefit: no shear point › double shelled dome - ribs supports the outer shell › inverted curve - flower shaped pattern used as the guide on the ground to create the curvatures of the bricks • Possible to build in arches in the dome as its going up • Perspective drawings (orthogonal, vanishing point, etc.) PAZZI CHAPEL : Brunelleschi, Florence • may seem insignificant in size but is beautiful • a part of the Santa Groce church & designed this for a wealthy family • essentially a square space & utilizes circles • uses columns as classical vocabulary in an elegant way • motif of an arch as an opening • Plan: › the circles are planned to place the dome above › elegantly designed space, both inside and out › light brings power into the space and quotes the Corinthian pilasters • Proportionally, delicate size. Relationship with artists • Schism of power - showed mannerism FOUNDLING HOSPITAL ( Ospedale degli Innocenti) : Brunelleschi , Florence •
You've reached the end of your free preview.
Want to read all 41 pages?