SOCIOLOGY EXAM 2 REVIEW SHEETS.docx - SOCIOLOGY EXAM #2...

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SOCIOLOGY EXAM #2Lecture #15:REPRODUCTION & CHANGE11/06/17: MondayREADINGS:NONESocial Structures: Patterned social arrangements & relationships that are produced by—but constrainor shape—Individual actions & experiencesoMaking up the broader social terrainoAre changeable by agencySocial Reproduction:stableperpetuation of basic patterns of a given social structure over timeoDurable and stable over time, hard to changeoWe tend to reproduce standard regularityoCan be broken and reconfigured in different waysSocial Change: transformation of a givensocial structureoMoments of revolutionoSometimes it’s more rapid & you can see it, others are more gradualGradual social change: transforming in incremental ways, not noticeableEx: gender norms, divorce ratesDramatic Social Change: period of stable reproduction followed by rapid(dramatic)change (noticeable)Social Institutions:1.Common ways of patterning social relationships in given society2.Education the young3.Governed by various rules, roles, rituals, practices
Lecture #16: FAMILY11/08/17: WednesdayREADINGS:1.Cherlin:Deinstitutionalization of Marriagea.Cherlin’sResearch Question: Is the American family becoming de-institutionalized?b.De-institionalization: weakening of social normsc.Historical Story & shifti.Institutionalized marriage (before mid 20th)ii.companionate marriage (mid 20thC)iii.individualizedmarriage (late 20thC) (what we’re shifting to)1.personal satisfaction2.shift is a de-institution of marriage3.does not mean that it’s a “moral decline”, it means that old rules no longerapplied, but it have a “new” way of viewing marriageiv.even though marriage is de-institutionalized, marriage is still important becausepeople are still getting married or remarriedSUMMARY:First marriage has become more like remarriage2.Coontz:The Way We Wish We Werea.People argue that there needs to be a return to traditional family values to fi social illsb.She looks at the historical context of marriage and its relationship to lovec.Golden Age of Traditional Family”:ahistorical amalgam(nonhistorical pulling of differentthings) of structures, values, and behaviors that NEVER coexistedin the same erad.People rarely want to accept the “PACKAGE DEAL” of a specific era of familye.NEED TO KNOW PACKAGE DEAL OF HISTORICAL ERASi.Colonialii.Victorianiii.Late 19thC familyiv.Depression-Erav.1950s3.Schwartz:Peer MarriageLove b/n equals WORKSPeer marriage:“marriage of equal companions, a collaboration of love and labor in order toproduce profound intimacy and mutual respect”Four characteristics of peer marriage1.The partners did not generally have more than 60/40 traditional split ofhousehold duties and child raising2.each person in the couple had equal influence over important & disputeddecisions3.Partners felt that they had equal control money access to discretion funds4.Each person’s work was equal weight in life plansWho tends to be in peer marriages?

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