APUSH Test 1 -- Colonies - Rachel Gaugler THE COLONIES in America New England Colonies Colony Massachusetts Plymouth(Pilgrims Year 1620

APUSH Test 1 -- Colonies - Rachel Gaugler THE COLONIES...

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Rachel Gaugler 9/27/16 THE COLONIES in America New England Colonies Colony Year Reason Governor Type of colony/gov’t Religion/ Church Economic Activity Massachusetts Plymouth (Pilgrims) Massachusetts Bay 1620 Escape religious persecution Great Migration - 70,000 left England - 20,000 came to Mass. William Bradford John Winthrop Mayflower Compact - agreed to form a self- gov’t and submit to the majority (only church members) - Provincial Gov’t - to enforce God’s laws and “Bible Commonwealth” Joint-stock Royal Puritans - purification of the church of England -- no religious toleration - Puritan Church becomes Congregational - Blue Law State - Quakers were persecuted - combined state and church - Half-way Covenant - partial membership “City upon a hill” - model community called to God Fur trading, fishing, ship building New Hampshire 1623 Profit from trade and fishing Escape religious persecution Benning Wentworth Proprietary Joint-stock Puritan Trade Fishing Connecticut 1636 Establish a puritan settlement Fur trade route Thomas Hooker Self-governing - Fundamental Orders = modern constitution Royal Puritan Triangular Trade (New England rum, African slaves, West Indies sugar/molasses) Rhode Island 1636 Escape religious intolerance of Mass. Bay - very liberal - dissenters and Roger Williams Self-governing Joint-stock Royal Baptist Freedom of religion (including jews, Catholics, Quakers) Shipping, LIVESTOCK, agriculture
exiles came to rhode island where they were welcomed - regarded as “the sewer” by Puritans Middle Colonies Colony Year Reason Governor Type of colony/gov’t Religion/ Church Economic Activity New York (first New Amsterdam) 1625 Expansion Duke of York Colony of Dutch West India Company Very liberal Anglican Real estate for stockholders Seaport town/harbor = cosmopolitan population - lumber, furs, ship building, trade - flour/wheat - bread colony Delaware 1638 Trade Johan Printz William Penn Proprietary (swedish) Royal n/a BREAD colony Trade Farming New Jersey 1664 Trading Post Refuge for Quakers John Berkley Proprietary Royal n/a Bread colony Trade Farming Pennsylvania 1637 Asylum for Quakers Brotherly love - no black slavery - ethnic + religious tolerance/diversity William Penn (persecuted for being a Quaker in England so found Penn as a place for religious tolerance) Simple town meetings (democracy) -- Women had a voice -- representative assembly Quakers - religious society of friends - separatists/dissenters (refused to support church of England) - no tax supported state church - “blue laws” prohibited ungodly things Bread colony Trade Farming
Southern Colonies Colony Year Reason Governor Type of colony/gov’t Religion/ Church Economic Activity Virginia (JAMESTOWN) 1607 Search for GOLD English outpost against Spain - John Smith - saved Virginia “he who shall not work shall not eat” - John Rolfe (husband of Pocahontas - union made to end first Anglo-Powhatan War - drove Indians Westward) - father of tobacco - Thomas Dale Joint-stock company (virginia company) Representative Self- gov’t (House of Burgesses) BUT James I disapproved and made Virginia a royal colony

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