Module2ExamRemediation.pdf - Columbian Exchange When the...

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Columbian Exchange When the Europeans arrived in the Americas there was an exchange of ideas (like Christianity), plants, animals and disease.
Religion One of the motives for settling the New World was to spread Christianity to the Native Americans. Spanish and French Catholics worked as missionaries to convert the natives. In general, the French did not try to change the Native American customs as much as the Spanish missionaries did. Some natives were receptive to Christianity, while others had religion forced upon them.
Population Decline The Native American population quickly began to decline once the Europeans arrived. When Spanish conquistadors first settled in the New World, they enslaved many Native Americans. They used Native Americans for farming and mining for gold and silver. Hard labor and malnutrition led to the deaths of many Native Americans. Over time, Native American slaves were replaced by African slaves because the Native Americans were dying of diseases. In addition to the maltreatment Native Americans faced, diseases unknowingly brought by Europeans also depleted the population. Native Americans did not have immunities to fight off these diseases, which led millions to die. Native Americans thought the Europeans brought the diseases to America on purpose. Experts estimate that 50 percent to 80 percent of Native Americans died in the first few decades after European contact.
Competition for Land With the colonists and Native Americans occupying the same lands, competition for land was inevitable. Hunting in the same forests and fishing in the same streams led to a depletion of animals available for food. As a result, many Native Americans had to leave their ancestral lands to search for more food. In addition, the demand for agricultural products led many European settlers to clear forests to make room to plant. This depleted Native American hunting grounds, forcing them off the land they occupied. The Native American tribes were independent of one another, so they were slow to unify in their battles against European settlers.
Peaceful Coexistence European settlers learned from the Native Americans how to grow American crops, where to hunt, and how to survive. Native Americans learned about new tools, weapons, animals, and farming methods from the settlers. There are many examples of peaceful coexistence between the Native Americans and the colonists, including the first Thanksgiving. Without assistance from the natives, the Pilgrims may not have survived.
Many Native American males died during battles with the colonists. What was life was like for Native American women and children after that?

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