midterm questions.docx - 1 a Explain what Pfohl means when he suggests that powerful theoretical IMAGES of deviance and social control are part of the

midterm questions.docx - 1 a Explain what Pfohl means when...

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1. a.Explain what Pfohl means when he suggests that powerful theoretical IMAGES ofdeviance and social control are part of the changing landscape of power itself. i.Powerful theoretical images of deviance and social control are part of thechanging landscape of power itself. Deviance arises because society tries tocontrol how people think, feel, and behave. Deviants are defined as outsiders of“common sense” of society itself. There is not just one set example of deviance; itis constantly changing because “deviance” is made from opinions and ideas. Weall have these images of what IS and IS NOT normal - and these images arestructured by what you are learning in time. However, it is those who have powerwho enforce these images that deviance is a consequence of. Images frompower make you see things a certain way. There are many different types ofpower and forms of social hierarchy that have long guided the production andconsumptions of images and the deviant “outsider.” We are exposed to culturalconditioning, everyday social rituals, and are constantly learning things as wegrow up. Any image that we get of whatever is from the controls that aresubconsciously proposed to us. Furthermore, anyone who deviates from thedominant order stands outside the common sense of society and its relations ofpower, and we label them as “criminals” or “lunatics.” A good example of this isthe War Prayer by Mark Twain. It is a story of how some people imagine peopleas deviant. There are the church people versus a stranger. The church peopleare protected because they all believe that the stranger is a deviant, and byclassifying him as a deviant they don’t believe in what he is saying. They say heis a lying lunatic, and label him this way so they do not have to listen to him.People think dualistically like it is “us” against “them”, and the best way toconvince yourself as normal is to condemn those who disagree. b.Explain that/how these images guide the production and consumption of theimages of the “deviant”, which in turn is reason enough to call in the forces ofsocial control. i.The forces of social control are determined by the golden rule - whoever has thegold gets to rule. Anyone who exists in opposition to those who rule are deviants.So, people want to protect and isolate themselves away from them because theydon’t fit in how we see social life should be. Those in power will always condemnthose who disagree with them. c.In so doing, further explain what he means by the “battle” between deviance andsocial control. i.Deviance and social control are in a battle. The winners are seen as halos ofgoodness, while the losers are seen as outside the boundaries of socialgoodness.d.In this process be certain to have included his explanation of what he means bythe deconstructive viewpoint of a power-reflexive perspective.i.Most specialists study the control of deviance with dualistic thinking. Peoplealready in power are the ones who select the framework of which we studydeviance. They are already saying that deviance needs to be controlled. These

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