Reviewanswers1

Reviewanswers1 - Fall 2006 Chinese 252 Review Questions...

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Fall, 2006 Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 2, Part A 1. In which period were the states into which ancient China divided more numerous, the Spring and Autumn period or the Warring States period? Spring and Autumn period 2. In the Warring States period, what state was the first to start putting legalist principles into practice? Qin 3. What dynasty is said to have come to an end soon after its last king started setting fire to signal pyres on a mountain outside the capital? Western Zhou 4. What major state split into three smaller states at the beginning of the Warring States era? Jin 5. What ruler did Guăn Zhòng serve as prime minister? Qi Huangong 6. What prompted Kŏngzĭ to say “Fierce government is worse than tigers? A woman would rather face a tiger than to be a citizen of a bad government 7. After Bì Yù Ràng had tried twice to assassinate the Zhào Xiāngzĭ, the latter allowed him to take symbolic revenge before taking his own life. What was this symbolic revenge? Cutting the cloak of Zhao Xiangzi 8. Why did Sūn Bīn become a deadly enemy of Páng Juān, though the two had once been close friends and fellow students? Sun Bin was betrayed by Pang Juan, who was jealous of Sun Bin’s ability 9. In Mèngzĭ there is a story about a mountain that once had been covered with lush vegetation, but later became bare and ugly do to the incessant activites of woodcutters, cattle-herders, and other plunderers. What is the point of the story? Human beings are inherently good, but gets contaminated by the world 10. Who attracted the attention of Guăn Zhòng and then of Qí Huán-gōng by tapping the horns of his ox and singing a song, parts of which went, “South Mount glistens, / South Rock glitters,… / Never have I seen a Yáo yield to Shùn, … / The long night stretches long, / When will it dawn?” Ning Qi 11. What mythical Chinese ruler is said to have served his parents devotedly, even though they tried on two occasions to kill him? Shun 12. With what school of philosophy are the writings of Zhuāngzĭ associated? Daoism 13. Who is quoted in several places as saying, “I am not distressed at the failure of others to know me; I am distressed only at my own failure to know others?” Kong Zi 14. What were the “three burrows” that Féng Xuān prepared for Mèngcháng Jūn? 1. Earning fame in Xue, a fief. 2. When Qi officials slandered Mengchang Jun, he approached Qin. 3. Meanwhile, he approached Qi, telling the king that Qin is recruiting Mengchang Jun as their prime minister. 15. Chŭ was: a) south of Zhèng ; b) west of Zhèng; c) north of Zhèng; d) east of Zhèng
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Chinese 252 Review Questions, Series 2a, Fall, 2006 2 16. Which was earlier, the Spring and Autumn period or the Warring States period? Spring and Autumn period 17. Who gained a loyal and enterprising general by not exposing and executing a man who had taken a liberty with one his concubines at a banquet?
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