CinemaMidtermOutline - Introduction to Cinema Midterm...

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Introduction to Cinema Midterm Outline Introduction o Technology Film born in the 19 th century, tried to capture the “recreation of life in motion” The six major developments necessary to recreate life in motion o The Persistence of Vision A series of images creates an illusion of motion Mind holds on to Image A while screen moves to Image B Thalmatrope – “to spin out wonder” o Still Photography o Motion Picture Camera Eadweard Muybridge took series of horse racing images Etienne-Jules Marey invents chronographic gun, twelve images in one second on glass plate o Film Stock Thousands of frames at a time Celluloid, 24 images per second o Printer o Motion Picture Projectors 1895 Lumiere Brothers demonstrate Cinematographe Influence of technology on business and entertainment Better sound design, color film, etc. done to improve business o 1927 sound added to film Aesthetics of film are affected by new technology Film allows every sight and sound to be amplified o Business Film Popularity By 1912 five million Americans were going to the movies It became big because it was so real, in motion, fascinating o Urbanization was popular, gave rise to theatres o Immigrant used pictures to understand o Cheap o Socializing force o Taught mass culture o Clean utilities
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o Widely available Film does realism better than any other medium Editing, visual design, camera work, stories got better Audience is able to feel together Films are a form of relaxation They help to find solution to social problems Business Triumverate Producer – Gets money to make movies Distributor – Gets movies out to theatres Exhibitor – Rents films to show to audiences Influence of business on technology and entertainment Post World War II adaptation of musicals and war epics to attract waning interest of audiences o Technology forced to improve to keep up business o Genre and subject matter forced to change o Entertainment/Art All art is entertainment, but not all entertainment is art Art stretches and deepens the intellect, the emotions, and the senses Art is about life, connecting, stands the test of time Entertainment is made for the masses, to meet the status quo, for the lowest common denominator, temporary Film is made up of the other arts Literature Theatre Music Visual Arts Dance Architecture Sculpture o Cultural Product Movies affect and are affected by society and culture of its place and time Can reflect, ignore, reject, appraise, etc. culture Movies are a gift culture leaves behind to its descendents Literary Design o The Script Original vs. Adaptations Original script – Written for the screen Adaptation – Based on a book, comic, etc.
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  • Summer '07
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