Primary sources Holocaust.docx - 1 2 3 4 5 Title My Life Before and After Hitler(in book Author Edwin Landau Date 1940 reflecting on 1918-1940 Purpose

Primary sources Holocaust.docx - 1 2 3 4 5 Title My Life...

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1. Title: My Life Before and After Hitler (in book) 2. Author: Edwin Landau 3. Date: 1940; reflecting on 1918-1940. 4. Purpose: to display the Jewish reaction to Nazi persecution 5. Historical context: took place during the time in which Hitler first became appointed as chancellor and the Nazi Regime first went into full effect…and when the alienation of Jews in society began. [Phase 1] 6. Writing style (what distinguishes this from the other texts): Main Concepts: Jews gradual alienation in society. Ex: the Jewish businesses being ruined by officers and people with jobs like teachers being kicked out of their jobs. Landau has a feeling of betrayal by his country and immediate hatred that leads to his detachment of his Germany identity. Still a religious jew, but loss of cultural identity. Landau compares this to Satanism . Also to jesus crucifixion and how the Jews are “being hung on the swastika cross” The jewish response overall: mental anguish/ pain Major loss of faith Compares himself to a “pendulum” because he has nothing to hold onto. Jews are stripped of their title as a religious community/nation in Germany Eventual lead into Zionism…which gives landau “spiritual elevation” and the ability to let go of his anger and start his life anew. 1. Title: Marta Appel: Memoir Excerpt (in book) 2. Author: Marta Appel 3. Date: 1940/1941; reflecting on 1933-1937 4. Purpose: to reflect on the separation of Jews from society and the Jewish reaction to the persecution by the Nazis. 5. Historical context: this was written during the time in which Jews were being separated from society from others. [Phase 1] 6. Writing style (what distinguishes this from the other texts): Main Concepts: illustrates the negative effect of nazi persecution on business/communities, and families. Fidelity and friendship were replaced by fear/treachery Life changed immensely on a social basis. Jews felt immediate loss of safety within society. Instilled constant fear, insecurity, and uncertainty Mentions “new shame” because she is not able to carry on with her usual daily life Was personally disappointed but more concerned with how children would be affected. Bitter bc bitterness was brought to her children Jews were suffering a “deep degradation” Talks about hanukkah [identifying point]
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MAIN POINT is that Jews were being separated from society and it was happening at the young ages. Like at the elementary schools Children taught about two races: higher [Germans who were to rule the word] and lower , [Jews] Similar to Landau, “it was no longer the same country for me” Husband was a rabbi Issue of leaving and starting a new life vs. staying and having courage and not backing down.
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