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1.Title: My Life Before and After Hitler (in book)2.Author: Edwin Landau3.Date: 1940; reflecting on 1918-1940.4.Purpose: to display the Jewish reaction to Nazi persecution5.Historical context: took place during the time in which Hitler first became appointed as chancellor and the Nazi Regime first went into full effect…and when the alienation of Jews in society began. [Phase 1]6.Writing style (what distinguishes this from the other texts):Main Concepts:●Jews gradual alienation in society. Ex: the Jewish businesses being ruined by officers and people with jobs like teachers being kicked out of their jobs.●Landau has a feeling of betrayal by his country and immediate hatred that leads to his detachment of his Germany identity. Still a religious jew, but loss of cultural identity.●Landau compares this to Satanism . Also to jesus crucifixion and how the Jews are “beinghung on the swastika cross”●The jewish response overall: mental anguish/ pain●Major loss of faith●Compares himself to a “pendulum” because he has nothing to hold onto.●Jews are stripped of their title as a religious community/nation in Germany●Eventual lead into Zionism…which gives landau “spiritual elevation” and the ability to let go of his anger and start his life anew. 1.Title: Marta Appel: Memoir Excerpt (in book)2.Author: Marta Appel3.Date: 1940/1941; reflecting on 1933-19374.Purpose: to reflect on the separation of Jews from society and the Jewish reaction to the persecution by the Nazis.5.Historical context: this was written during the time in which Jews were being separated from society from others. [Phase 1]6.Writing style (what distinguishes this from the other texts):Main Concepts:●illustrates the negative effect of nazi persecution on business/communities, and families.●Fidelity and friendship were replaced by fear/treachery●Life changed immensely on a social basis. Jews felt immediate loss of safety within society. Instilled constant fear, insecurity, and uncertainty●Mentions “new shame” because she is not able to carry on with her usual daily life●Was personally disappointed but more concerned with how children would be affected.●Bitter bc bitterness was brought to her children●Jews were suffering a “deep degradation”●Talks about hanukkah [identifying point]
●MAIN POINTis that Jews were being separated from society and it was happening at the young ages. Like at the elementary schools●Children taught about two races: higher[Germans who were to rule the word] and lower, [Jews]●Similar to Landau, “it was no longer the same country for me”●Husband was a rabbi●Issue of leaving and starting a new life vs. staying and having courage and not backing down.