Employment Relations.docx - 1 Party Ideologies and Unionism...

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1 Party Ideologies and Unionism in New Zealand Name: Institution:
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2 Currently, many union movements in a variety of market economies and democracies, notwithstanding the origin or the politics of that country, are facing immeasurable crisis. This is also the case in New Zealand and its neighbors such as Australia. Scholars in New Zealand have been seeking to learn from the past and trying to understand the current union situation has pronounced difference with the rich history that have been the case in New Zealand. In New Zealand, the factors that shaped the operations of unions were demands of class and market that were competing. The basic intentions or objectives of the labor unions were regulating specified labor markets. However, there was the need of becoming involved in politics because of the fact that the state was powerful and had influences on unionism and industrial relations. In accordance, it is necessary to have assessments of both the political and economic contexts that were instrumental in the development of unions in New Zealand. To discuss the historical relationship between trade unions and politics, the following paper does provide a history of unions in the country (Tyndall, 1960). There is also the need of analyzing the membership of the unions and the patterns that they have been taking over the years. In New Zealand, there has been the use of unions in the process of defending workers from exploitation by employers. However, there have also been restrictive hence the need of understanding the concept of exclusion and inclusion, which is integral to the trade union movements. This paper includes an analysis of the history of trade unions and their relations to politics. The main concern of this paper particularly is party ideologies and their relations to unions. Hence, it will examine events occurring in New Zealand and their impact on the employment relations and unionism over the years.
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3 Despite the fact that colonization of New Zealand by Europe was for a short period, unions in the country had the basis of the experiences that Britain was experiencing. The first unions in New Zealand emerged from skilled employees and surprisingly, it was not from the employees that were living in abject poverty. During this era, the ability of the unions to organize themselves was because of the aid that they were receiving from Britain. This had the meaning that the various semi-skilled, craftsmen, and male workers unions has a high bargaining power because of the support that they receiving from abroad. Gold rushes that were prominent in 1850s and the boom that colonial economies were experiencing was one of the reasons that there was success in unionism. After the initial union became successful, unionism became a familiar aspect in New Zealand. At the initial times, there were no national unions. Despite the fact that many unions in New Zealand borrowed from Britain the unions were in many cases workplace related or the individuals were living in a close proximity. Because of the changes that were occurring in the
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