Spain.docx - Running head SPAIN 1 Spain Students Name...

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Running head: SPAIN 1 Spain Student’s Name Institutional Affiliation
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SPAIN 2 Spain Introduction Spain underwent a rather shambolic elections in December 2015. The results depicted what many had predicted. It was very evident that its Parliament was divided. Traditionally, the two political parties namely Christian Democrats (Partido Popular – PP) and Social Democrats had dominated the political scene in the country. The elections held in 2015 however saw the birth of new political outfits that are assuming a critical role from the time of the election to the European Parliament. The inception of the two-party system in the country has met its fair share of challenges from certain quarters including the citizens as well as the Podemos. According to Gine (2017), Spain is currently experiencing hardships in forming a government due to their imminent circumstances. For about four decades now, the political institutions of Spain have received retaliation from the two major political parties named above. The nation has suffered chronic corruption, which has seen up to 500 elected leaders facing investigations over the same in the past 5 years. The recent economic crisis that occurred in the face of the global downturn promoted recession dip by two folds and resulted in unemployment levels of up to 26%. The perceived narrative is that the two establishment parties have failed. Consequently, the situation gave rise to tumultuous changes that are still budding in the electoral system (Thomson, 2010). The tensions between the constituent divisions of Spain have been attributed to be as a result of the growing concerns of the country which have been present for many centuries now. In fact, the concerns have grown and become more acute to the extent that Catalonia, which makes up 16% of the country’s population and 19% of its productivity, is working towards cessation (Gine, 2017). Following a referendum for independence that was marred with
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SPAIN 3 controversies, the province’s political institutions have since been suspended. The failed referendum also implicated the government to assume direct rule of the area. Political Parties As earlier mentioned, the two political parties that have always dominated the political space in Spain faced competition from two other political parties. The two new camps that participated in the December 2015 and June 2016 challenged the usual 70% - 80% of votes enjoyed by the veteran parties. With their inception, the two traditional parties only garnered about 50% of the votes. That turn of events was surprising when you consider the fact that the bigger parties were seen to be beneficiaries of the electoral system. One of the two established parties is called the Centre-Right People’s party (PP) and is led by Mariano Rajoy. The other party is known as the Centre-Left Spanish Socialist Workers’ Party (SPOE) as is currently led by Javier Fernandez who is assuming that role temporarily. Prior to the previous two general elections, these two political sides held up to 295 seats of the total 350 in the Congress of Deputies. In the recent elections however, the PP took 123 seats while
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