vocab-final

vocab-final - animal style a type of artistic design...

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animal style – a type of artistic design popular in Europe and western Asia during the ancient and medieval periods., characterized by linear, animal-like forms arranged in intricate patterns. The style is often usd on metalwork or other precious materials. interlace – a type of linear decoration particularly popular in Celtic art, in which ribbonlike bands are illusionistically depicted as if woven under and over one another. animal interlace – decoration made up of interwoven animal-like forms, often found in Celtic and northern European art of the medieval period. vellum – a type of paper made from animal skins. Vellum is a thick, expensive support. scriptorium – a room in a monastery for writing or copying manuscripts. colophon – the data placed at the end of a book, especially a late medieval manuscript, listing the book's author, publisher, illuminator, and other information related to its production; sometimes called the imprint. folio – in technical bookmaking terms, a large sheet of paper, which, when folded and cut, becomes four separate pages in a book. Also: a page or a leaf in a large-scale manuscript or book. evangelist symbols – Matthew = winged man; Mark = winged Lion; Luke = winged ox; John = eagle. cloister – a square or rectangular courtyard, sometime with gardens, surrounded on all sides by a vaulted arcade. Typically devoted to spiritual contemplation or scholarly reflection, a cloister is usually part of a monastery, a church, or occasionally, a university. refectory – the dining hall for monks or nuns in a monastery or convent. Rule of St. Benedict – an Italian monk, called Benedict of Nursia (d. 547), author of a rule for monks that became the basis of the Benedictine order, b. Norcia (E of Spoleto). He went to Rome to study, then withdrew to Subiaco to live as a hermit; after three years he was renowned for his holiness. He founded a community of monks made up of cells of 13 monks each. This he eventually left, and at Monte Cassino, in an old pagan holy place, he started the first truly Benedictine monastery, although the benedictine order did not come into being until Carolingian times. The fruits of Benedict's experience appear in the Rule of St. Benedict (in Latin), which became the chief rule in Western monasticism under the Carolingians. . The Rule's 73 chapters are full of a spirit of moderation and common sense. They set forth the central ideas of Benedictine monasticism. Feast: March 21.
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vocab-final - animal style a type of artistic design...

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