animal style –
a type of artistic design popular in Europe and western Asia during the ancient
and medieval periods., characterized by linear, animal-like forms arranged in intricate patterns.
The style is often usd on metalwork or other precious materials.
– a type of linear decoration particularly popular in Celtic art, in which ribbonlike
bands are illusionistically depicted as if woven under and over one another.
– decoration made up of interwoven animal-like forms, often found in Celtic
and northern European art of the medieval period.
– a type of paper made from animal skins. Vellum is a thick, expensive support.
– a room in a monastery for writing or copying manuscripts.
– the data placed at the end of a book, especially a late medieval manuscript, listing
the book's author, publisher, illuminator, and other information related to its production;
sometimes called the imprint.
in technical bookmaking terms, a large sheet of paper, which, when folded and cut,
becomes four separate pages in a book. Also: a page or a leaf in a large-scale manuscript or
– Matthew = winged man; Mark = winged Lion; Luke = winged ox; John =
– a square or rectangular courtyard, sometime with gardens, surrounded on all sides
by a vaulted arcade. Typically devoted to spiritual contemplation or scholarly reflection, a
cloister is usually part of a monastery, a church, or occasionally, a university.
– the dining hall for monks or nuns in a monastery or convent.
Rule of St. Benedict
– an Italian monk, called Benedict of Nursia (d. 547), author of a rule for
monks that became the basis of the Benedictine order, b. Norcia (E of Spoleto). He went to
Rome to study, then withdrew to Subiaco to live as a hermit; after three years he was
renowned for his holiness. He founded a community of monks made up of cells of 13 monks
each. This he eventually left, and at Monte Cassino, in an old pagan holy place, he started the
first truly Benedictine monastery, although the benedictine order did not come into being until
Carolingian times. The fruits of Benedict's experience appear in the Rule of St. Benedict (in
Latin), which became the chief rule in Western monasticism under the Carolingians.
Rule's 73 chapters are full of a spirit of moderation and common sense. They set forth the
central ideas of Benedictine monasticism. Feast: March 21.