FallaciesSTudyguide.docx - Fallacies test study guide FALLACIES Sunday 5:38 PM 1 Relevance Saturday 2:12 PM ARGUMENT DOES NOT DEPEND ON THE PERSON Straw

FallaciesSTudyguide.docx - Fallacies test study guide...

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Fallacies test study guide FALLACIES Sunday, September 24, 2017 5:38 PM 1) Relevance Saturday, September 23, 2017 2:12 PM ARGUMENT DOES NOT DEPEND ON THE PERSON Straw person:
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Perverse/change someone's argument Ad hominem: Personal attack on person Can test credibility of person as an expert Abusive AH: personal attack Circumstantial Ad H: attack arguer's situation to discredit argument Guilt by association: attack associations and alleged relationships o Who u are does not matter to quality of argument o (can b applied to non-humans) Poisoning the well: Attempt to cast doubt on person in advance by referring to 'motives' of argument, compromise position o "u like iphones b/c u own stock in apple" Benefit from argument is not relevant / does not comment on quality of argument Tu quoque attack hypocracy of person's argument Ex. Smoking can't be bad cuz u do it Red herring - change subject to distract critics from original issue 2) Problematic Premises Sunday, September 24, 2017 5:38 PM Begging the question Tautology Circular reasoning, conclusion is also own premise 'harper is good speaker bc he speaks eloquantly' Inconsistency Premis and conc or 2 premises contradict each other 'all generalizations are wrong' Ad ignorantiam Appeal to ignorance Affirm truth of something based on lack of evidence to contrary
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