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Introduction to Terrorism: RESEARCH PAPER1Introduction to TerrorismResearch PaperBradley Robb (2017)Columbia Southern University
Introduction to Terrorism: RESEARCH PAPER2IntroductionTerrorist organizations have utilized means of extreme measures for centuries dating backto as far as the 1stcentury. Over the time changes have occurred as depicted by author David C. Rapoport in his wave of terrorism. Over the centuries terrorism has evolved into different forms. Demonstrating these changes two events chosen for this are the groups; The Italian Red Brigade and Hezbollah. The Italian Red Brigade was formed in 1970 with the intent to sabotage Italy through acts of assassinations, kidnappings, and robberies. During these time periods the group expanded across Italy to include cities like Rome and Venice with drastic increase in numbers. The pinnacle of their attacks was the kidnapping of Aldo Moro in 1978 along with his eventual execution. On theother spectrum is an organization known as Hezbollah. Hezbollah is an Islamic militant group based out of Lebanon. Their actions include the targeting of enemies such as the Israelis. Still to this day this organization is still involved and supporter of Syria and Iran. In 2015 Hezbollah launched attacks in retaliation to previous engagements with Israeli forces. On January 28thHezbollah launched anti-tank missiles killing two Israeli officers. These two terrorist organizations span decades apart in the acts that they committed. The characteristics between the two organizations differ in moderation but ultimately show two distinctive patters. The comparison of these two groups symbolizes the transformation of the four waves of terrorism as discussed by David C. Rapoport. In this typology, it discusses the swing from a NewLeft Wave, Red Brigades, to the Religious Wave, Hezbollah. Over the years these two organizations though similar in their terrorist faction have different characteristics, morals, values, viewpoints, and motivation as the change world around them brings about the changes. Through close examination of these styles you see the predominant different of a government
Introduction to Terrorism: RESEARCH PAPER3driven organization to overthrow an existing government and replace it with their own, comparedto the religious, Islamic, focus of pressing their beliefs. The different waves discussed by Rapoport dignify a changing wind in the ideology, economics, politics, and expansion of ideals. Pre-9/11For post 9/11 I selected the kidnapping and murder of Aldo Moro in 1978. The Italian Red Brigades captured and help hostage Aldo Moro, a key figure in negations with extending parliament majority. Moro was captured when the Red Brigades disguised as airline personnel, and ambushed him killing five of his body guards. In 1978, Aldo Moro was attacked in his vehicle by a dozen men in which his body guards were shot and killed. This ultra-leftist group emerged from the rank and file of the 1960s worker and student protest movements where they