World Studies Unit III Study GuideIndiaIndus River Civilization (Harappans): The Harappans were the first people to live in India. They lived around the Indus River. This is important, because it tells about the origins of India.Aryans:The Aryans were Indo-European invaders that immigrated into India and join with the Harappans. This is important, because it shows the outside influence in India.Indus and Ganges Rivers:The Early Harappans settled across these rivers. This is important, because it shows how important rivers were to survival and how the Harappans lived.Chandragupta Maurya:Chandragupta Maurya was the first ruler in India, who dedicated his life to Hinduism and died on the top of a mountain when starving to get enlightenment. This is important, because he was the first leader of India and showed the significance of Hinduism.Asoka:Asoka was a ruler of India that was known for his cruelty until he invaded Kalinga and accepted Buddhism. This is important, because he showed how violence isn’t the answer and how Buddhism was a way of life back then.Siddhartha Gautama (Buddha):Buddha is the founder of Buddhism, which was made after his teachings. This is important, because Buddhism was a very large religion especially in India, China, and Japan/Buddhism: Buddhism is a religion based on the teachings of Buddha. This is important, because Buddhism is a large religion in India, China, and Japan.
Hinduism:Hinduism, the belief in many aspects of one God, is the main religion in India.This is important, because majority of people in India follow this practice.Jainism:These are people that take the practice of ahimsa to the extreme and wear gas masks and sweep insects out of the way. This is important, because it shows the practices of people in India, China, and Japan. Ahimsa:Ahimsa is a practice in Buddhism, where there is no violence towards animals. This is important, because it played a huge role in how Buddhists, followers of Jainism, and Hindus acted and helps show what Buddhism, Jainism, and Hinduism are about.Cycle of reincarnation:The cycle of reincarnation was the idea that after people died; they would be reincarnated into a better or worse caste depending on how they acted. This is important, because it forced the people to act well to be reincarnated into a better caste.