gender inequality in the workplace presentation - Gender Inequality in the Workplace Terminology Word Bank 1 2 3 4 5 6 Occupational Segregation\/Sex

gender inequality in the workplace presentation - Gender...

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Unformatted text preview: Gender Inequality in the Workplace February 29, 2008 Terminology Word Bank: 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Occupational Segregation/Sex Typing Structural Theory Glass Ceiling Gender-Neutral Theory Glass Escalator Tokenism {Token – One thing typical of a certain group used to represent a group} Occupational Segregation • Physical Separation of worker of different social groups (possibly), is subject to change over time Structural Theory • Features of work can create behaviors, rather than individual behavior shaping occupational characteristics. Glass Ceiling • The term glass ceiling refers to situations where the advancement of a qualified person within the hierarchy of an organization is halted at a particular level because of some form of discrimination, most commonly sexism or racism. [Zimmer’s] Gender-Neutral Theory • The study of occupational inequality is more a consequence of sexist beliefs and practices embedded in the labor force than the effect of numerical underrepresentation • Men take gender privilege with them in female-dominated occupations Glass Escalator • It is a metaphorical term to show the existence of a glass barrier that is evident but not easy to see; it is used to show the invisible advantages that men have over women. In more general terms it is described as such: women find it difficult to get promotions (to executive, decision making level) and men, relatively, find it easier to do the same even though they are equally qualified. • In precise terms it is prejudice, bigotry and discrimination that are based on sex, and are conceptually similar to those based on other biological characteristics like age and race. Tokenism • Token Character – One thing typical of a certain group used to represent a group through the character. • Tokenism refers to a policy or practice of limited inclusion of members of a minority group, usually creating a false appearance of inclusive practices, intentional or not. Issues to consider.. • Maternity/Paternity Leave • Daytime Hours (to accomodate afterschool care of children) • Insurance Plans (for families) • Subsidized daycare (spending priorities of the Government) ...
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