ICT4D - Class 2.pdf - MPTM 680-01 ICT4D: Information and...

This preview shows page 1 - 14 out of 45 pages.

MPTM 680-01ICT4D: Information and CommunicationTechnologies for DevelopmentM a r i a F . T r u j i l l o , P h D .
Teams or IndividualFinal Projects?Presentation is 15%Paper is 30%
Class 1 RecapGuns, Germs and Steel
Class 2Kicking away the ladderOut of povertyThink like a freak
Why don’t developing countries develop?M a r i a F . T r u j i l l o , P h D .
Kickingawaytheladder-picture
Kicking Away the Ladder (2002)Ha Joon Changtackles the doublestandards that deny ‘developingcountries’ the opportunitytoapply thesameinterventionistpolicies that, he argues all major‘developed countries’ used tobuild their wealth.Criticises the WTO, IMF and WorldBank for maintaining this line.
Relationships betweenNDC(Now Developed Countries)NIC(Newly Industrialized Countries)ITT(Industrial, Trade and Technology)IDPE(InternationalDevelopment PolicyEstablishment)Good Policies/Governance
Three objections to Chang’s argument1.This is how theworld works: the strongcall the shots.The golden rule: the one with the goldmakes the rules.
2.IDPE recommendswhat international investorswant.Follow the global norm or perish.
3.The standardsfor institutionsare higher now, no sense in comparingtoday’sinstitutionsto100/150 yearoldinstitutions
Definitions of Development(an intro)IncomeMore than income (e.g., HDI)Developmentusedto be about thetransformationofthe productive structure and the capabilities thatsupport it, and the resulting transformation ofsocialstructure(e.g., oil-rich countries, Germany after WWII)Now, development is aboutpovertyreduction, provisionof basicneeds, individualbetterment, and thesustenanceof the existing production structure
Development without Development:the MDGs (189 gvts)Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger.Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education.Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women.Goal 4: Reduce child mortality.Goal 5: Improve maternal health.Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseasesGoal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability.Goal 8: Develop a global partnership for development.
Development without Development:the MDGs (continued)TargetsunderGoal 8development of an ‘open, rule-based, predictable, non-discriminatory trading system’reduction or even writing-off of developing countryforeign debtincrease in foreign aid from rich countries, includingtrade-related technical assistanceprovision of access to affordable essential drugs fordeveloping countriesthe spread of new technologies, mainly information andcommunications technologies (ICT4D)
Development without Development:the MDGs(continued)The pro-developmentaltradingregime basicallymeans an

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

End of preview. Want to read all 45 pages?

Upload your study docs or become a

Course Hero member to access this document

Term
Fall
Professor
Maria Trujillo
Tags

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture

  • Left Quote Icon

    Student Picture