ICT4D - Class 2.pdf - MPTM 680-01 ICT4D Information and Communication Technologies for Development M a r i a F T r u j i l l o P h D Teams or Individual

ICT4D - Class 2.pdf - MPTM 680-01 ICT4D Information and...

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MPTM 680-01 ICT4D: Information and Communication Technologies for Development M a r i a F . T r u j i l l o , P h D .
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Teams or Individual Final Projects? Presentation is 15% Paper is 30%
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Class 1 Recap Guns, Germs and Steel
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Class 2 Kicking away the ladder Out of poverty Think like a freak
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Why don’t developing countries develop? M a r i a F . T r u j i l l o , P h D .
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Kicking away the ladder- picture
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Kicking Away the Ladder (2002) Ha Joon Chang tackles the double standards that deny ‘developing countries’ the opportunityto apply the same interventionist policies that, he argues all major ‘developed countries’ used to build their wealth. Criticises the WTO, IMF and World Bank for maintaining this line.
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Relationships between NDC (Now Developed Countries) NIC (Newly Industrialized Countries) ITT (Industrial, Trade and Technology) IDPE (InternationalDevelopment Policy Establishment) Good Policies/Governance
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Three objections to Chang’s argument 1. This is how the world works : the strongcall the shots. The golden rule : the one with the goldmakes the rules. Answer : We need newrules 2. IDPE recommendswhat international investorswant. Follow the global norm or perish. Answer : Look at China.No democracy,hugeinvestment.Besides, countriesdon’tgrowdue to foreign investment.Local ownership ismore important. 3. The standardsfor institutionsare higher now, no sense in comparing today’sinstitutionsto100/150 yearoldinstitutions Answer : It took NDCsdecades,even generationsto establish certain institutions.
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Definitions of Development (an intro) Income More than income (e.g., HDI) Development used to be about the transformation of the productive structure and the capabilities that support it, and the resulting transformation of social structure (e.g., oil-rich countries, Germany after WWII) Now , development is about poverty reduction, provision of basic needs , individual betterment , and the sustenance of the existing production structure
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Development without Development: the MDGs ( 189 gvts ) Goal 1: Eradicate extreme poverty and hunger. Goal 2: Achieve universal primary education. Goal 3: Promote gender equality and empower women. Goal 4: Reduce child mortality. Goal 5: Improve maternal health. Goal 6: Combat HIV/AIDS, malaria, and other diseases Goal 7: Ensure environmental sustainability. Goal 8 : Develop a global partnership for development.
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Development without Development: the MDGs ( continued ) Targetsunder Goal 8 development of an ‘open, rule-based, predictable, non- discriminatory trading system’ reduction or even writing-off of developing country foreign debt increase in foreign aid from rich countries, including trade-related technical assistance provision of access to affordable essential drugs for developing countries the spread of new technologies, mainly information and communications technologies (ICT4D)
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Development without Development: the MDGs (continued) The pro-developmentaltradingregime basicallymeans an increased access to rich country markets by developingcountries.
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