MPTM
ICT4D - Class 3.pdf

ICT4D - Class 3.pdf - 1 MPTM 680-01 ICT4D Information and...

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MPTM 680-01 ICT4D: Information and Communication Technologies for Development M a r i a F . T r u j i l l o , P h D .
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2 3 Previously Guns, Germs and Steel Kicking away the ladder Out of poverty Think like a freak Starting point was never equal Maybe the same development path is not feasible? Focus on the one-acre farmers Out of the box thinking
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3 Projects Due: Oct 12 What dimensionswere we trying to measure? 1. Operational use: Is the GMS approach for transfer of the PR-DBD within a package of management strengthening interventions feasible and acceptable? Does it result with adoption of the PR-DBD for operational use? 2. Management behaviors: To what extent there are changes in PR and SR management behaviorsas a result of using the dashboard?For example, does the PR take decisions using the PR-DBD? 3. Completenessand timeliness: Does the PR-DBD increase completeness and timeliness of reporting at the PR and SR levels? What are the success factors and challenges? 4. Program performance: Does the PR-DBD lead to improvements in performance of grants as reflected in the grant indicators? What are the success factors and challenges? " Stay Connected " package that allows refugees to keep in contact with family and support services. 1 2 3 GMS PR Dashboard
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4 Class 3 The Tipping Point Diffusion of Innovations DoI Game Organizational Change Guest Lecturer
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5 A story The Spider The Spiderweb The Environment
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The Tipping Point How little things can make a big difference I T a n d D e v e l o p m e n t
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7 The Tipping Point Thomas Schelling (2005 Nobel Prize winner) first introduced the concept of “tipping points” and game theory in 1972 MalcolmGladwell popularizedthe concept in his 2000 best seller
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8 Three Characteristics of an Epidemic Contagious Little Causes with Big Effects Change that happens not gradually but at one dramatic moment This is exactly how a virus spreads The same principlesbehindthe spread of measles in a second-gradeclassroomor the winter flu
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9 The Tipping Point Small changescan havebig effects The law of the few -- individual actions can be amplified by social connections, energy, enthusiasm and personality Connectors those who know lots of people…social glue Mavens those who accumulate knowledge…data banks Salesmen those with skills to persuade…persuaders The stickiness factor-- simple changes in the presentation and structuring of information can make a big difference in its impact The power of context -- individual behavior is markedly affected by the environment
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10 The Tipping Point The possibility of sudden change is at the
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