ICT4D - Class 4.pdf - 1 MPTM 680-01 ICT4D Information and Communication Technologies for Development M a r i a F T r u j i l l o P h D The Fisherman

ICT4D - Class 4.pdf - 1 MPTM 680-01 ICT4D Information and...

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MPTM 680-01 ICT4D: Information and Communication Technologies for Development M a r i a F . T r u j i l l o , P h D .
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2 The Fisherman Tale
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3 Class 4 Development studies How do we measure progress in development? Income HDI
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4 2016 Basic deprivations One person in nine in the world is hungry One in three is malnourished About 15 million girls a year marry before age 18 (one every two seconds) 18,000 people a day die because of air pollution HIV infects 2 million people a year Every minute an average of 24 people are displaced from their home
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5 Self actualization Esteem (respect) Love (affection, belonging) Safety Hunger, thirst and sexual desire Parenting Mate Retention Mate Acquisition Status/Esteem Affiliation Self Protection Hunger, thirst and sexual desire
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What is development? ... also known as International Development I T a n d D e v e l o p m e n t
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7 Let’s agree on a definition Long term view with emphasis on socio- economic transformation (for example a shift from agrarian economy to industrial economy) Shorter horizon related to policy objectives and performance indicators (such as growth of income per capita and poverty reduction)
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8 What is it? 1950s and 60s: liberation of people 1970 -90s: replaced by liberalizationof economies
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9 What is it? Practice of development agencies: Reducing poverty Goals (MDG or Agenda 2030)
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10 Development Studies
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11 The main questions 1. What is development? 2. What is the purpose of developmentstudies? 3. What can we ‘know’ in developmentstudies? 4. What is the big picture in development studies? 5. What is ‘rigour’ in developmentstudies? 6. How are research and practice linked in developmentstudies? 7. What is the future for developingstudies?
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12 Three propositions Development is a process of change Development is policy related (MDGs) Ethnocentrict and ideologically loaded
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13 DevelopmentTheories Structuralism Structural aspects which impede the economic growth of developing countries Transformationof a country’s economyfroma subsistence agriculture to a modern,urbanizedmanufacturing and service economy. Policy prescriptions include major governmentintervention in the economyto fuel the industrial sector, knownas import substitution industrialization ( ISI ). Dependency Dependency thinking starts fromthe notion that resources flow fromthe ‘periphery’ of poor and underdeveloped states to a ‘core’ of wealthy countries, which leads to accumulation of wealthin the rich states at the expense of the poor states . Modernization The theory looks at which aspects of countries are beneficial and which constitute obstacles for economic development. The idea is that development assistance targeted at those particular aspects can lead to modernizationof 'traditional' or 'backward' societies .
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14 Politically correct developmentterms?
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