Preservation of Animals.docx - Introduction As humans continue to alter their own habitats the habitats of wildlife are also changed or destroyed Since

Preservation of Animals.docx - Introduction As humans...

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Introduction As humans continue to alter their own habitats, the habitats of wildlife are also changed or destroyed. Since the early 1900s, a few visionaries have noted the importance of caring for the planet's wild places. Activists such as John Muir wanted to preserve nature for its own beauty and purpose. Others espouse the need to use natural resources prudently and without waste for the benefit of humans. President Theodore Roosevelt is noted for his desire to preserve sections of land and natural resources, which he did when he successfully began the national park system. Of course, natural resources extend far beyond the boundaries of the United States, and in recent years environmental sustainability and reducing human impacts on the natural world have become popular topics of conversation. In addition, there are several types of groups that work to preserve animal diversity and save endangered species from extinction. Learning Materials Zoos and Aquariums Zoos and aquariums help the conservation effort by providing safe places for animals to breed and develop. Many zoos make conservation a central part of their mission. For example, the Association of Zoos and Aquariums (AZA) is a group dedicated to encouraging conservation through zoo and aquarium programs. The AZA gives accreditation to facilities that meet their high standards for animal care. When a zoo or aquarium is accredited by the AZA, it gains access to the network of other accredited institutions, allowing for animal exchanges for breeding or study. The mission of the AZA is to facilitate saving endangered species by encouraging accredited zoos and aquariums to participate in the Species Survival Plan, which they describe as "a long-term plan involving conservation breeding, habitat preservation, public education, field conservation, and supportive research to ensure survival for many of the planet's threatened and endangered species." The Smithsonian National Zoo in Washington, DC, and the Brookfield Zoo near Chicago are two excellent examples of what zoos can do to contribute to animal conservation. The National Zoo has the benefit of
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