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Notes - Poli 150 Terrorism in Historical Context o Not...

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October 24, 2007 Poli 150 Terrorism in Historical Context o Not a “new” threat o But Americans view it differently since it has affected them more since 9/11 Suicide Terrorism: o Rise since 1980s: 188 separate suicide attacks worldwide, with 53 in 2000-2001 o Other conventional attacks still remain more common o 9/11 No other single attack had killed more than 500 people Unique in coordination Al-Qaeda: multinational and “virtual” network, using modern tech and sometimes relying on indep. Activities by cells of adherents Is terrorism effective? o Suicide terrorist attacks kills more people per attack (on average, 13 people) than do other types of terrorist attacks (on average, less than 1 person) o Used as a recruitment tool? o Psychological effect: Pape – suicide terrorist attacks tend to be aimed at democracies, these are more amenable targets o Policy Change: Pape – about half the time, suicide terrorism is effective at convincing target states to make modest policy changes BUT it is ineffective when it comes to achieving major policy changes, b/c powerful states are more willing to resist as the stakes rise The Environment and IR o Environmental issues can create incentives for int’l cooperation
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Atmosphere: ozone layer, climate change, greenhouse gases Pollution – acid rain Biodiversity – Trade in Endangered Species, whaling convention
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Notes - Poli 150 Terrorism in Historical Context o Not...

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