Notes 10-10

Notes 10-10 - o International intervention Can take a...

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Notes 10/10/07 Civil War o Economic decline o Strategic leaders (Nye) Ethnic tension May be brought up by national leaders (identities are constructed not inherent) Easier in authoritarian systems US view of Yugoslavia Prior to 90s, Yugoslavians identified with locale Leaders (Milosevic) formented ethnic tensions, blamed other groups for problems In Iraq: Sunnis and Shiites waging war via guerilla tactics also have ties to political parties and leadership How should the International community respond? Response to self-determination claims (Etzione, Nye) o Whether or not to recognize claims of independence Political institutions and power sharing (Fearon) o Of 55 civil wars fought for control of a central gov, 75% end w/decisive victory for one side o Power sharing agreements are much less common Outside intervene helps Many attempts at power sharing, but fail “security dilemma” issue Tends to succeed when neither side believes it can win, and when each side is relatively cohesive
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Unformatted text preview: o International intervention Can take a variety of forms (soft, hard power) Unilateral Motivated by political/security interests i.e. Vietnam, Iraq Balancing strategy (Fearson) Multilateral UN Humanitarian and ethical considerations More legitimate Slower o The United Nations General Assembly One country, one vote Passes resolutions, 2/3rds vote needed, not legally binding Controls financing Security Council 5 perm members 10 rotating members Resolutions legally binding May authorize troops Secretary General Five year renewable term Nominated by GA UN Charter Focuses on state sovereignty Outlaws offensive force except in 1)self defense 2) collective self-defense 3) collective security o Collective security: cooperate to respond to acts of aggression deterrent Peacekeeping and preventive diplomacy o Never mentioned in UN charter...
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Notes 10-10 - o International intervention Can take a...

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