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HDF 304 Exam 2 (this is amazing thx) (you’re welcome :))●Companionate Love (Friendship Love)○Companionate Love:The affection or tenderness we feel for those with whom our livesare deeply intertwined○Based on a deep sense of friendship■Involves companionship and enjoyment of shared activities or interests■Built on a foundation of admiration, trust, and respect○Sex is less intense and plays a less central role for companionate lovers○Women report higher levels of companionate love○What makes marriage last?■“My spouse is my best friend.”●Men are more likely to report this than women due to shrinking social networks with age■“I like my spouse as a person.”■People who are happy in their long term relationships emphasize companionate love over passionate love○Neural and hormonal activity■Activates the areas of the brain associated with caregiving■Tied to vasopressin and oxytocin●Vasopressin - linked to blood pressure●Oxytocin - linked to caregiving, bonding●Love over Time○Passionate love tends to decrease over time○Companionate love tends to increase over time■Relies on intimacy processes○However, both tend to decrease over the course of a marriage■Not based on age○Companionate love decreases more slowly●Commitment○Interdependence Theory■Wants to understand whether people are satisfied and dependent in their relationships■Satisfaction: Outcomes are GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO comparison level - getting what or more than you expected●Calculating Satisfaction ○Ratio between things that are rewarding in relationships vs things that cost you■Costs: different interests, jealousy, fighting with partner●Calculating dependency○Highly dependent: Thinking that your relationship is the only one for you, nothing else○Lowly dependent: Thinking that if your relationship doesn’t work out, there are always more out there
○3 persons experience the same rewards and outcomesthe comparison level is differentsatisfaction is the only thing changingSome are happier than others and they have the same outcomesGiven the placement of the expectations, people can have the same amount of satisfaction even if their outcomes and comparison level differ.○Rewards and costs are relativeSatisfaction = Outcomes > Comparison Level (CL)`Getting what, and more than, you expectCompare our outcomes to our comparison levels for alternativesAlternatives: elsewhere or being single ■Dependence: Outcomes are GREATER THAN OR EQUAL TO comparison level for alternatives●Calculating DependenceComparison Level 1Outcome Level 1Not satisfiedOutcome Level 2Comparison Level 2Satisfied
Dependence = Outcomes > Comparison Level Alternatives (CLalt)Degree to which one relies on a relationship for outcomesCan our needs be fulfilled by other interactions?