Chapter 2.pdf - Friday 12:58 AM Chapter 2 classical management types limitations contributions know elements of scientific management know contributions

Chapter 2.pdf - Friday 12:58 AM Chapter 2 classical...

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Chapter 2: know elements of scientific management classical management, types, limitations & contributions Frederick Taylor, Henry Mintzberg, Abraham Maslow, Douglas McGregor, Henry Gantt Henri Fayol, Elton Mayo, Charles Babbage, Frank Gilbreth, Max Weber, Hugo Munsterberg Frederick Taylor: Observed soldering-employees deliberately working at pace slower than their capacities -> implemented piecework pay system: increase the pay of workers who met and exceeded the target level of output set -developed system of scientific management Henry Mintzberg: classification of manager's roles and skills Abraham Maslow: Maslow's Hierarchy of Needs Douglas McGregor: Theory X and Theory Y (Theory X-people do not like work & try to avoid it) ' (Theory Y- people are committed to goals, they do not naturally dislike work ) Henry Gantt: implemented Gantt chart-> a means of scheduling work and can be generated for each worker or for an entire complex project Henri Fayol: wrote General and Industrial Management - Administrative Management Theory Elton Mayo: Hawthorne experiment Charles Babbage: inventor of first mechanical computer Frank Gilbreth: documented experience pf raising 12 children in the book and original 1950 movie Cheaper by the Dozen -contributed to craft of bricklaying -helped shape the field of industrial psychology, and contributed to field of personnel management Max Weber: wrote theory of social and economic organization
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