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designer genes - name Date English 15 Teacher Word Count...

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name Word Count: 1520 Date English 15 Teacher The Dual Role of Logos and Pathos in Designer Genes Persuading people to do something is one of the most important things in today’s society. Whether it’s convincing your parents to let you stay out later, a boss to let you out of work early or to give you a raise, or even trying to convince your friends that the Eagles are the worst NFL team ever, we attempt to persuade people almost everyday of our lives. As most of us have learned by now, an argument is made great or more successful based on the range of people it will appeal to, and on how many levels it will appeal to that person. For example, if you are attempting to persuade your parents to let you sleep over a friend’s house it will only work if your argument convinces or appeals to both of your parents, not just one. Bill McKibben’s excellent use of both logos and pathos in Designer Genes is the primary reason for a convincing argument because it makes his case appeal to both the reader’s heart and mind. In a very touchy issue such as what is best for children and the human race in general, simply using reader’s emotions to persuade is not enough; facts and a logical standpoint are also required. Bill McKibben sets forth his logical argument primarily in the first half of the essay. From the beginning McKibben shows us that the issue at hand is very serious, stating “43 percent of Americans would engage in genetic engineering ‘simply to enhance their children’s looks or intelligence’”. He further grabs our attention by comparing the way the farming industry began using genetically enhanced food before the public was very aware of it, with the way genetic engineering could develop, also
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promoting the urgency of the issue of genetic engineering (McKibben 137). After a brief explanation of the science behind genetic engineering, Bill McKibben gets to the heart of his argument: what happens once we’ve genetically engineered a child and what are the consequences? He starts the first in a long series of well thought out arguments by saying, once every newborn has been genetically engineered to be stronger, faster, more intelligent, he will be the best for a short time, but soon enough perhaps just the standard.
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