100%(3)3 out of 3 people found this document helpful
This preview shows page 1 - 3 out of 4 pages.
Music 171 Test Review NotesRhythm A beat is a basic unit of musical time; it is known as the “pulse” of a song There are 4 beats per section – 1,2,3,4 - when counting beats, you start at zero again at every section A measure is a 1 unit of a repeated pattern A meter is 2 or more measures of an accented pattern A back beat is the accent on the 2ndor 4thnote that adds to the songs, it is usually done using a snare drum Meter = How many durations Which duration gets beatWhole note has 4 beats Half note has 2 beats Quarter note has 1 beatA downbeat is the 1stbeat of a measure When conductors are showing beats they wave arms down, across, away, up The duration is the length of time that we hear a sound A mixed meter is the combination of several meters being used at once The tempo is the speed of the music A Ritardando is one the music starts to slow down Syncopation involves a variety of rhythms which are in some way unexpected which make part or all of a tune or piece of music off-beat. It is placing strew or accents on unaccented beats Pitch and Dynamics 1)Pitch = the highness or lowness of a sound Pitch is considered the tone; definite pitch is having tone whereas indefinite pitch has no tone2)Dynamics = Loudness or softness of a sound Timbre is the quality, whether it sounds rough or is it smooth Bass line – texture that gets thinner or thicker, it gives the allusion that the pitch has changed. The Tambre is the thing that gets thing that gets thicker or thinner Crescendo is the music is building and getting louder Decrescendo is music is going down or getting softer
Music 171 Test Review NotesChordsA Chord is a combination of three or more pitches or tones at the same time. An example Chord progression is the progression of chords (I.E chord C to D back to C)