13th essay.docx - The documentary named 13TH written by Ava...

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The documentary named “13TH” written by Ava DuVernay was an incredible documentary that went in-depth about the prison system in the United States, and how it played a big role in racial inequality. The documentary starts off by talking about how African Americans were enslaved and treated poorly throughtout their lives. After the Civil War ended in 1865, the 13th Admendemt was passed abolishing slavery and making all African Americans free of enslavement. However, white people found a loop hole in the ademendemt which was “Neither slavery nor involuntary servitude except as a punishment for crime”. This gave whites a perfect opportunity to ‘legally enslave’ African Americans and rebuild the southern part of the economy because it was in tatters from the Civil War. Police arrested blacks for minor crimes such as loitering. By using this loop hole, it caused the first prison boom. When president Ronald Reagan went into office in 1982, he put in Americans’ head that drugs is killing the economy and blacks were culprit. When the “War on Drugs’ became so literal, African Americans were arrested for the smallest posessions of marijuana and/or other drugs, which added to the number of Americans that were already incarcerated. Going futher into the years, the Caliofornia “Three Strikes Out” law was passed when the adbuction and murder of Paula Klaas took place. This law indicates that when a person commits their third violent crime, they will be incarcerated forever, or for shorter terms: “Three strikes and you are out”. Prisons were forced to release 4,200 misdemeanor

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