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4.3 1 Facility Layout Formats Used in Manufacturing Mgmt 420 Management of Production and Operations 11/10/2017 Professor: Dr. Albert Atkins
4.3 2 Facility Layout Formats Used in Manufacturing “Facility layout refers to the specific arrangement of physical facilities” (Collier & Evans, 2013. p. 159). Facility layout studies are conducted to observe which design is best for a company to use to manufacture and sell a particular product. When designing a facility, the priority is to create a workplace that promotes a steady output and does not hinder any phase of production. You wouldn’t want to waste any time unnecessarily, nor do you want your employees to work twice as hard when they do not need to. Also, a design should promote good housekeeping, use of space, minimize energy and environmental hazards, and most of all high customer satisfaction. There are four major layout designs that most companies use: product layout, process layout, fixed position layout, and cellular layout- also known as group technology layout. Product Layout “A product layout is an arrangement based on the sequence of operations that is performed during the manufacturing of a good or delivery of a service” (Collier & Evans, 2013. p. 159). This type of layout is one of the most common; this type of layout is designed so that the product moves from station to station in a smooth systematic order. Collier and Evans uses two fast food companies as examples: Subway and Chipotle. In each restaurant, the ingredients are arranged in an order so that the customer moves from station to station and build their sandwich or burrito the way they want. But this layout isn’t just used in restaurants, other examples of this layout include baseball manufacturing, car assembly lines, pecan processing, sugar cane processing, and even insurance policy processing. If you notice, any company that requires an

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