Chapter 1 in text book - Chapter 1 in text book...

Info iconThis preview shows pages 1–3. Sign up to view the full content.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Chapter 1 in text book Libertarian - one who favors minimal government and maximum individual freedom Although Americans are reluctant to give government more power, they have turned to government in their time of need. As popular dependence on government has grown, the American public view of government has turned sour. American’s have lost trust in the government policies. Does it matter if the America people trust the government? Generally YES Political Efficacy - the ability to influence government and policy; The belief that American citizens can affect what government does; that they can take action to make government listen to them Declining political efficacy will further undermine the key feature of American Democracy- government by the people Political efficacy- knowledge, if you think you cannot be effective, chances are you will not try. Citizenship - informed and active membership in a political community Three forms of political knowledge: Knowledge of government Knowledge of politics Knowledge of democratic principals Political knowledge is the key to effective participation in political life Government - institutions and procedures through which a territory and its people are ruled To govern is to rule Autocracy- a form of government in which a single individual- a king, queen, or dictator- rules
Background image of page 1

Info iconThis preview has intentionally blurred sections. Sign up to view the full version.

View Full DocumentRight Arrow Icon
Oligarchy- a form of government in which a small group- landowners, military officers, or wealthy merchants- controls most of the governing decisions Democracy- a system of rule that permits citizens to play a significant part in the governmental process, usually through the election of key public officials Constitutional government/ liberal government- a system of rule in which formal and effective limits are placed on the powers of the government Authoritarian government- a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits but may nevertheless be restrained by the power of the other social institutions Totalitarian government- a system of rule in which the government recognizes no formal limits on its power and seeks to absorb or eliminate other social institutions that might challenge it Substantive limits- what they are permitted to control Procedural limits- how they go about it Beginning in the 17 th century, two major changes: Governments began to acknowledge formal limits on their power A small number of governments began to provide the ordinary citizen with a formal voice in public affairs through voting. Limiting Government The key force behind the imposition of limits on government power was a new social class: the bourgeoisie Bourgeoisie- Freeman of the city; also known as “middle class” Created freedom of speech, assembly, arbitrary search and seizure generally did not favor the democracy and that see today John Locke and John Stuart Mill - Politics- conflict over the leadership, structure, and policies of governments
Background image of page 2
Image of page 3
This is the end of the preview. Sign up to access the rest of the document.

Page1 / 10

Chapter 1 in text book - Chapter 1 in text book...

This preview shows document pages 1 - 3. Sign up to view the full document.

View Full Document Right Arrow Icon
Ask a homework question - tutors are online