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SOCI STUDY GUIDE:MERITOCRACY: a system of reward distribution based on personal attributes and demonstratesability.PRINCIPLES OF ETHICAL RESEARCH: ** LEC 7FEMINSISATION OF POVERTY: women are more likely to be poorer then man. And are the majority of the poor In Canada.-women are encouraged to focus on marriage and motherhood -they are to focus on childcare and usually take jobs flexible around this, and don’t have a significant source of incomeSOCIAL STRATIFICATION: hierarchical ranking of people into different economic groupsFACETS OF SOCIAL INEQUALITY: ** LEC 8ETHICAL RESEARCH WITH ANIMALS: -legal to use live animals while in pain without giving them any relief-they experience severe pain levels and distress-REB Canadian council on animal care, they monitor ethical treatment of animals) although private labs cannot be monitored.-ethical guidelines: 1. Must benefit animals/humans. 2.animals are used if there is no alternative. 3.most humane methods used on a minimum number of animalsVIVISECTION: surgery on live animalsSECRECY: hides the abuse of animal subjectsHOMOSEXUALITY: attraction to the same sex (lesbian/gay)ANDROCENTRISM: The practice, conscious or otherwise, of placing male human beings or a masculine point of view at the center of one's world view, culture, and historyUNETHICAL RESEARCH EXAMPLES: 1. TUSKEGEE SYPHILIS STUDY: they wanted to find out the cause of syphilis. Gathered poor black men for the research. They knew what could cure them but instead withheld the medication and watched them die. (they hadn’t given any consent and weren’t aware of what was going to happen to them. They were lied to. Abuse of power, racist)2. NAZI MEDICAL EXPERIMENTS: conducted medical experiments on prisoners. Wanted to understand the spotted fever virus. They infected these prisoners with the virus. Some were put in cold water for 3 hours or outside naked in the winter to see how hypothermia would affect the body.TOUGH GUISE DOCUMENTARY: systematically examines the relationship between pop-cultural imagery and the social construction of masculine identities in the U.S. at the dawn of the 21st century-Tough Guise is documentary that discusses the links between violence in the media and society’s idea of masculinity-Jackson Katz, who describes himself as “one of America’s leading anti-sexist male activists,” talks about the idea of a “tough guise” that men put on as a mask to hide their deeper vulnerabilities and emotionsBLAMING THE VICTIM: A perspective that holds individuals responsible for the negative conditions in which they live SOCIAL CONSTRUCTION OF SEXUALITY: sexuality is socially shaped and varies in practices among time. Sexual practices are learned (you are not born knowing what sexuality is you are taught it) sexuality is different among each culture.
-peoples sexual desires change over the course of their lifetimes. (ex: straight to gay)we are taught….