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Unformatted text preview: Chapter 2 from Text book First Founding: Interests and Conflicts Five sectors of society has interests that were important to colonial politics New England merchants Southern planters The Royalists Shopkeepers, artisans, and laborers After 1750, British tax and trade policies split the colonial elite and led to the American Revolution The Boston Tea Party- Taxation without Representation The First Continental Congress- House of Burgessees- an assembly of delegates from all parts of the country that called for a totally boycott of British goods and independence from British rule. After declaring independence, the Colonies needed some form of government, so the Continental Congress adopted the Articles of Confederation and Perpetual Union Articles of Confederation- American first written constitution served as the basis for Americas national government until 1789 Was not ratified until March 1789 Powers of the Articles: Declare war and make peace Make treaties and alliances Coin or borrow money Regulate trade with Native Americans The first goal of the Articles were to limit the powers of the central government. Confederation- a system of government in which states retain sovereign authority except for the powers expressively delegated to the national government. The relationship between the states and national government is also known as the confederation. The Second Founding: From Compromise to Constitution The Annapolis Convention- Improve and reform the Articles of Confederation; Resolution calling on the Congress to send commissioners to Philadelphia at a later time to work out the rest of the provisions Shays Rebellion- Daniel Shay led a mob of farmers in a rebellion against the government to prevent...
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- Spring '07