Repeating Forms Packet Villanelle 2 Elizabeth Bishop "One Art" Pantoum 3 Denise Duhamel "Lawless Pantoum" Sestina 4-5 Elizabeth Bishop "Sestina" Triolet 6 Thomas Hardy "How Great My Grief" Ghazal 7-8 Agha Shahid Ali "Arabic"
VILLANELLEA French verse form consisting of five three-line stanzas and a final quatrain, with the first and third lines of the first stanza repeating alternately in the following stanzas. These two refrain lines form the final couplet in the quatrain. ONE ARTThe art of losing isn’t hard to master; so many things seem filled with the intent to be lost that their loss is no disaster. Lose something every day. Accept the fluster of lost door keys, the hour badly spent. The art of losing isn’t hard to master. Then practice losing farther, losing faster: places, and names, and where it was you meant to travel. None of these will bring disaster. I lost my mother’s watch. And look! my last, or next-to-last, of three loved houses went. The art of losing isn’t hard to master. I lost two cities, lovely ones. And, vaster, some realms I owned, two rivers, a continent. I miss them, but it wasn’t a disaster. —Even losing you (the joking voice, a gesture I love) I shan’t have lied. It’s evident the art of losing’s not too hard to master though it may look like (Writeit!) like disaster.
PANTOUMA Malaysian verse form comprising a series of quatrains, with the second and fourth lines of each quatrain repeated as the first and third lines of the next. The second and fourth lines of the final stanza repeat the first and third lines of the first stanza. The modern pantoum is a poem of any length; the last line is often the same as the first. One exciting aspect of the pantoum is its subtle shifts in meaning that can occur as repeated phrases are revised with different punctuation and thereby given a new context. LAWLESS PANTOUMMen are legally allowed to have sex with animals, as long as the animals are female. Having sexual relations with a male animal is taboo and punishable by death. As long as the fish are female saleswomen in tropical fish stores are allowed to go topless. Adultery is punishable by death as long as the betrayed woman uses her bare hands to kill her husband.