File31Assessing performance.pdf

File31Assessing performance.pdf - Assessing performance of...

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Assessing performance of educational and training systems 1. It is often argued that an advantage of the German system is that it delivers young people rather directly to employment. In Pathways of Alberta Youth through the Post-secondary System into the Labour Market, 1996-2003 (2006) Krahn and Hudson painted a somewhat different picture of Alberta transitions. Of those who graduated from high school in 1996, by 2003 (when they were about 25): # 88% had enrolled in a post-secondary program at some point; # 60% had at least one post-secondary diploma - 32% had a university degree, 15% a community college diploma, 15% a technical school diploma, and 4% a certificate saying that they had completed an apprenticeship; # on average they had held 5.6 jobs, half of them jobs when they were students; # 50% had been unemployed at least once - with an average duration of 6 months; # 34% had still not completed their formal education (at the age of 25); # 71% were employed in a single job, 14% held multiple jobs, 6% were unemployed, and 9% were out of the labour force; # a third thought they were overqualified for their jobs; # non students with a post-secondary diploma had a much lower unemployment rate than those without a post-secondary diploma (4.3% versus 7.6%); # for their main job, 63% of the total and 70% of those with a postsecondary diploma were working in managerial, professional, or skilled occupations. 2. Given the increasing interest of policy-makers in apprenticeships it’s interesting to consider their performance in Canada. (Laporte and Mueller - using the 2007 National Apprenticeship survey; Drewes and Boothby, using the 2006 Census). The number of apprenticeships more than doubled between 1995 and 2007 (partly as a result of increases in the number of trades covered). But it remains the case that the option is taken up by only a small proportion of the relevant age ranges. 3. There are a number of reasons proposed for the failure of young people to enrol in apprenticeships.
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