Chapter 19 - The French Revolution and Napoleon. (1789-1815).(1) On the Eve of Revolution.(2) Creating a New France.(3) Radical Days.(4) The Age of Napoleon Begins.(5) The End of An Era.Bastille.Terror.Napoleon.Waterloo.________________________________________________________________1789.1793.1804.1815.(1) On the Eve of Revolution.Setting the Scene.July 14, 1789.Mob in Paris storms Bastille. (Frees sevenprisoners). The French Revolution is started!! Louis XV (1710-74) succeeds great-grandfather, Louis XIV, at age of 5.France under Louis XV leads Europe: culture, manners (clothes), cooking.But France has a growing crisis by mid-1770s: its economy is in trouble.The Old Regime.The king was an absolute monarch (like Louis XIV) in the old regime. Louis XIV successors lack his ability to govern but they protected power.French people were in threeestates (classes): clergy, nobility, commoners.First Estate. Clergy.Higher clergy, who were nobles.Parish priests, who were commoners.Clergy collected a tithe (tax) to manage churches, run schools, and keep birth and death records.*Church owns vast amounts of property on which it pays notaxes.Second Estate. Nobles.Nobility is less than 2% population.Army officers. High Clergy. * Not all nobles were wealthy.Rising prices reduced income. Peasants pay feudal tax.Wealthy "nobles of the robe" were judges in the parlements. (‘parle’), or high courts.Third Estate. Middle Class.Diverse group.Vast majority. 98% of population. Bourgeoisie(middle class). Peasants. City workers.bourgeoisie are all taxpayers: merchants, manufacturers, lawyers, doctors, storekeepers, artisans.