POLI 431 Notes

POLI 431 Notes - POLI 431 Notes 1/14/08 AFRICAN TRENDS Key...

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POLI 431 Notes 1/14/08 AFRICAN TRENDS Key Issues Impact of arms trade Impact of Aids/HIV Other health issues – Marburg, Ebola, Malaria Debt relief/reduction Design of Democracy Elections How to develop economically Curse of corruption Ethnic conflict Land conflict How to share wealth Environmental pressures States on brink of crisis Togo Equ.Guinea Somalia Sudan Kenya Zimbabwe Stable or Improving Countries South Africa Mozambique Botswana Mauritius Cape Verde Liberia Senegal o What explains stability and progress? Fragile but Stable for now Countries Sierra Leone Angola Chad Malawi Watch out for: Namibia
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Congo Nigeria Ivory Coast Uganda Pessimism Reigns Zimbabwe Difficult Neighbors Rwanda-Burundi Great Lakes Sudan – Horn of Africa All around the Congo West African instability Democracy What is democratic consolidation? What does ‘democracy’ mean in Africa? Does the type of govt. truly matter? Is the goal over-sold in Africa? Cultural Minorities Where are maj-min relations contentious? What appears to cause violence? How do some states include minorities? The Construction of Identity in Malawi North o Predominantly Tumbuka o 22% o Christian Center o Predominantly Chewa o 33% o Mixed South o Predominantly Yao o 45% o Muslim Malawi Timeline 1850s-1870s David Livingstone Church of Scotland Mission o Tumbuka in North are educated, advantaged and brought into Church of Scotland 1891 British protectorate of Nyasaland.
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1953 Linked with Northern and Southern Rhodesia (Zambia and Zimbabwe) in the Central African Federation. 1958 Banda returns home from Ghana. 1961 elections give MCP and Banda a majority. Prime Minister in 1962, Independence in 1964 and Republic in 1966 with Banda as President. 1970 One party state established. 1970s-1990s Banda involved in assassinating opponents and arresting dissidents o ‘Chewa-isation’ of Malawi 1994 Multi party elections held o Voters vote by region and not just ethnicity o UDF and Muluzi win o South now favored Institutions Legislatures and executives Judiciaries Civil service Parties Movements Civil society Women’s movements Foreign Involvement African – African Non-African – African Multi-National - African POLI 431 Notes 1/16/08 RWANDA Ethnicity Rwanda Hutus and Tutsis Timeline Rwanda’s tragedy 15th Century — "Kingdom" of Rwanda takes shape as a feudal society with the general social division between farmers (Hutu) and more powerful cattle herders (Tutsi). 1918
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course POLI 431 taught by Professor Reynolds during the Spring '08 term at UNC.

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POLI 431 Notes - POLI 431 Notes 1/14/08 AFRICAN TRENDS Key...

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