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SOCIOLOGY EXAM.docx - SOCIOLOGY EXAM #2 Lecture #15:...

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SOCIOLOGY EXAM #2Lecture #15: REPRODUCTION & CHANGE11/06/17: Monday READINGS:NONESocial Structures: Patterned social arrangements & relationships that are produced by—but constrain or shape—Individual actions & experiencesoMaking up the broader social terrainoAre changeable by agencySocial Reproduction: stableperpetuation of basic patterns of a given social structure over timeoDurable and stable over time, hard to change oWe tend to reproduce standard regularity oCan be broken and reconfigured in different ways Social Change: transformation of a given social structureGradual social change: transforming in incremental ways, not noticeableEx: gender norms, divorce rates Dramatic Social Change: period of stable reproduction followed by rapid(dramatic) change (noticeable) Social Institutions: 1.Common ways of patterning social relationships in given society2.Education the young 3.Governed by various rules, roles, rituals, practices
Lecture #16: FAMILY11/08/17: WednesdayREADINGS: 1.Cherlin: Deinstitutionalization of Marriagea.Cherlin’sResearch Question: Is the American family becoming de-institutionalized?b.De-institionalization: weakening of social norms c.Historical Story & shift i.Institutionalized marriage (before mid 20th)ii.companionate marriage (mid 20thC)iii.individualized marriage (late 20thC) (what we’re shifting to) 1.personal satisfaction 2.shift is a de-institution of marriage 3.does not mean that it’s a “moral decline”, it means that old rules no longer applied, but it have a “new” way of viewing marriage iv.even though marriage is de-institutionalized, marriage is still important because people are still getting married or remarried2.Coontz:The Way We Wish We Werea.People argue that there needs to be a return to traditional family values to fi social ills b.She looks at the historical context of marriage and its relationship to love c.Golden Age of Traditional Family”: ahistorical amalgam(nonhistorical pulling of different things) of structures, values, and behaviors that NEVER coexisted in the same erad.People rarely want to accept the “PACKAGE DEAL” of a specific era of family i.Colonial: women and children had no rights, high mortality rate, very short marriages due to death ii.Victorian: lots of slave labor, division of labor, men were labored as “breadwinners” and children were encouraged to play more iii.Late 19thC family: rise in extended family and a lot of child labor iv.Depression-Era: 3 generation household increased. “doubled up” housing, women are tired, men are withdrawn from life. v.1950s3.Schwartz:Peer MarriageLove b/n equals WORKS Peer marriage:“marriage of equal companions, a collaboration of love and labor in order to produce profound intimacy and mutual respect”Four characteristics of peer marriage1.The partners did not generally have more than 60/40 traditional split of household duties and child raising 2.each person in the couple had equal influence over important & disputed

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