POLI 150 NOTES

POLI 150 NOTES - Poli. 150 Notes- 1/19/08 Four main...

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Poli. 150 Notes- 1/19/08 Four main questions 1. Why so much war? 2. How can we limit war? A Particular Balance of Power? Hegemony or Empire? International Organizations? Global Diffusion of Democracy? Economic Interdependence via Globalization? 3. How do we make sense of terrorism and the war on? Can we understand this Contemporary Conflict by placing it in Historical Context and Using IR Theory? What is “Terrorism,” and Factors drive it? (How) Does Iraq Fit Into the War on Terrorism? Is the United States an Empire? If so, is this a Good Thing or a Bad Thing? How Will This All End? What are the causes and complications of economic globalization? How has the global economy evolved over time, and why? What are the political foundations of the global economy? Who wins, and who loses in the global economy, and does this help us understand the politics of the backlash? How does globalization affect international politics more broadly? Impact on war, on democracy, on state sovereignty? What’s Distinctive about International Politics? What is politics? Politics Is a Process Through Which Societies Decide Who Gets What. Decisions Are Made by the Exercise of Power. Those with power get. Those without power don’t. Politics Creates Winners and Losers. Why Don’t Losers Fight? Why don’t we see more frequent recourse to the use of force to determine who gets what? Domestic Politics vs. International Politics: The central importance of political institutions Domestic Politics: Politics Inside Nations Strong Political Institutions State Monopoly on Coercive Force Political Process Sometimes Has Legitimacy. Force and Legitimacy Discourage Losers From Using Force.
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Lack Power to Change Outcomes. Legitimate Process Encourages Acceptance of Outcome. International Politics: Politics Between Nations Weak Political Institutions No Monopoly on Coercive Force All States Can Acquire Military Force No Legitimacy to Political Process: ”Might Makes Right.” Losers More Able to Use Force to Challenge Outcome. Can Acquire Military Power Illegitimate Process Encourages Challenges The Importance of Political Institutions International Politics are Distinctive Because They Unfold within Weak Political Institutions. Consequently, Losers Are More Able and More Likely To Use Force to Change Outcomes. War is thus a “Normal” Condition of International Politics The Distinction Breaks Down Like any attempt to dichotomize a continuum, the distinction is blurry at the edges. Domestic Politics and Civil War: the erosion of strong domestic
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POLI 150 NOTES - Poli. 150 Notes- 1/19/08 Four main...

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