Palmer_Elizabeth_Assignment 2.docx

Palmer_Elizabeth_Assignment 2.docx - Assignment 2 Elizabeth...

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Assignment 2 Elizabeth Palmer Cytomegalovirus (CMV) 1 In your own words, define cytomegalovirus (CMV), using at least one professional reference (example, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention). Include information about the incidence of CMV and populations at increased risk to develop serious CMV disease. Cytomegalovirus is a double strand DNA virus that can infect anyone, born or not yet. It may or may not manifest symptoms and it stays in the body for life, ready to reactivate at any time. (Sort of like the chicken pox can become shingles later in life, CMV does not mutate, though there are some variable strands.) If there are symptoms they are basic not feeling well symptoms such as fever, cough or sore throat. (CDC, 2016) Those with weakened immune systems, pregnant women, or unborn babies cannot fight it off as well and thus will have more severe symptoms that can affect multiple organs. Most notable in babies, to us as Audiologists is hearing impairment. (Biomedcentral, 2016) Prevalence is 60% in US and 90% in high-risk groups. Incidence: in ages 12-49 is 1.6 infected per 100 susceptible persons. (Biomedcentral, 2016)
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2 How is CMV spread? How is CMV transmitted from a pregnant woman to her fetus during pregnancy?
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