Lecture1 - Introduction to Population Dynamics Spring 2006...

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Unformatted text preview: Introduction to Population Dynamics Spring 2006 Course Outline What is Demography? Basic population processes Definitions and Measures Variations Theories Secondary population processes Consequences of population processes Classic perspectives Recent perspectives and empirical studies What is Demography? Lesson Objectives: Define demography Discuss selected applications of demographic knowledge Discuss a few examples of demographic research What is Demography? Lesson outline: Demography vs. pop. studies vs. demographics Why study demography? Skills required What do demographers do? What is demography? Demos (people) + (graphie): draw up, plot = Scientific study of human populations, including their size, growth, distribution, processes, structure, characteristics What is demography? Size: how many? Growth: how fast it changes Distribution: spatial Processes (basic processes of fertility, migration, mortality...) Structure (age, sex) Characteristics (education, occupation, incomes, religion.. ) What is demography? Formal demography Basic processes; demographic accounting and projections Social demography (or population studies) Causes and consequences of population processes Demographics Application of demographic knowledge to business and policy decisions Skills Required Maths, stats, computing Formal demography ...........+/ stats, other substantive knowledge, in sociology, economics, geography, anthropology, public health, history, political science,. Social demography Business, management, creativity Demographics Why Study Demography? Professional Business / policy applications Awareness of demographic underpinnings of social problems Formal demography Demographics Social demography Demographic underpinnings Crime ? Poverty? Education? Selfesteem? Shampoo? Air quality? Demographic underpinnings Crime Poverty Education Selfesteem Shampoo Air quality Size Growth Distribution Processes Structure Characteristics Environment 6% Crime 10% Poverty 27% Health 14% Overpopulation 14% Inequality 14% Education 15% Roe v Wade and Crime Trends in Crime Rates, Selected States Factors Reduction in unwanted pregnancies Greater reduction among lowincome women Lower fertility during that era Assortative Marriage in US Factors Marriage markets and advances in the education of women Changes in age at marriage Increased symmetry in males' and females' preferences for marital partners Increased economic differentiation of income groups Increased cohabitation and divorce Fertility after Oklahoma City Bombing Factors Community influence Replacement/ insurance Terror management theory Social crises and Fetal loss in China Factors Famine (195961) Cultural revolution (196676) The Hispanic Mortality Paradox Factors Data artifact Culture Misreporting of deaths Ethnic identification Diet Marital patterns Selective migration "Salmon bias" effect ...
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