RELIGION 103 Final study guide[1]

RELIGION 103 Final study guide[1] - RELIGION 103 Final...

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RELIGION 103 Final study guide IDs (40%) TaNaK- (sometimes spelled Tanakh) A relatively modern name for the Hebrew Bible; the acronym is composed of the first letters of the three parts of the Hebrew Bible, the Torah (Law), the Nevi'im (Prophets), and the Ketuvim (Writings). Pentateuch- Refers to the first five books of the Hebrew Bible traditionally attributed to Moses that together comprise the Torah (the t of Tanak): Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy; known in Jewish tradition as Torat Mosheh, the teaching of Moses. The First 5 books of the Old Testament. The author is uncertain but the Documentary Hypothesis says there are different distinct sources. Known as Torah in Jewish tradition. Contains many doublets and inconsistencies. (Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, Deuteronomy)Septuagint Sabbath- in Genesis on the 7th day of creation the Lord rested. This is significant because throughout the bible the Lord expects his people to follow this example and keep the Sabbath holy. No other parallel works of the time period mention the sabbath. True purpose to copy God or human rest? Enuma Elish- “Babylonian Creation Epic”. Ancient Near Eastern text of creation. Polytheistic but in other ways similar to Gensis. Marduk (storm God) defeated Tiamat and then created the world and humans. Chaoskampf(11)- found in Enuma Elish. Battle against chaos. Used in most creation myths. Aug 28 in notes, connection to creation story, connected to cosmology, means combat myth in German.
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documentary hypothesis- by Wellhausen in 1878. Explains the repetitions and inconsistencies in the first five books (Pentateuch) with four main sources that have been combined (JEDP). Etiology- explanation of a phenomenon. For example, there are multiple languages because of the Tower of Babel when God assigned different languages when humanity was uniting. Primeval History- Genesis 1-11 Canaan- The name of the Promised Land of Israel and Palestine before the Israelite conquest. Descendants were said to have descended from Noah’s grandson Canaan. God made a covenant with Abraham promising him this land. Endogamy- The custom of marrying within one’s ethnic or religious group which was a common practice in biblical times to keep the community’s identity. Exogamy was undesirable. For instance, Abraham sent a slave to get a wife for his son Isaac from northern Mesopotamia where his kin were. Historicity- historic quality or character and to tell you can use 1. independent attestation (texts that corroborate information) 2. contextual plausibility (look at the social world for things in common such as names) 3. material culture Elohim- A Hebrew word meaning God; trickster figure- conquers a difficult situation by using brains instead of brauns. Many instances occur where the trickster figure is tricked in the Pentateuch.
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Edom- Hebrew word for the color ‘red’. Name given to Esau because he came out of the womb a hairy red and because he wanted some ‘red stuff’ from his brother. the nation descending from him went by this name too.
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This note was uploaded on 03/19/2008 for the course RELI 103 taught by Professor Smith during the Fall '07 term at UNC.

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RELIGION 103 Final study guide[1] - RELIGION 103 Final...

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